Salmon and Steelhead Lose to Mining in SW Oregon,, by Lesley Adams, pp 1 & 4-6, Issue No. 66, May 2010. Adams, of the Klamath Siskiyou Wildlands Center, details how recent a California mining moratorium has helped reinvigorate a small scale gold rush on Southwestern Oregon rivers. The Rogue and Chetco rivers are seeing increasing mining pressures, activity that causes further harm to the region's salmon and steelhead. Oregon legislators are pushing the federal government to improve outdated mining laws. Keywords: Almeda, Applegate River, suction dredging, Clean Water Act, Wyden, Merkley
Editor's Message: Going for Gold at Expense of the Fish, by Jim Yuskavitch, p2. Issue No. 66, May 2010. The editor remarks that Oregon must quickly find solutions to stop mining activity that harms the real treasure in rivers-wild salmon and steelhead.
Chair's Corner: More Thoughts on Recovering the Elwha, by Bill Redman, pp 3-19, Issue No. 66, May 2010. Outgoing Chair Redman criticizes the Elwha recovery plan for relying on hatchery supplementation due to its inconsistency with the recovery act as well as the harm that hatchery fish exact on their wild counterparts. Redman recommends using hatcheries only as a backup if wild colonization and productivity is inadequate.
Hatchery Salmon Zones: Long-term use of hatchery salmon zones causes wild pacific salmon extinctions, by Sam Wright, pp7-8, Issue No. 66, May 2010. Wright explains how, as a WDFW employee, he worked to end practice of Hatchery Salmon Zones. These areas, found in Washington and Oregon, encourage deliberate overfishing and lead to the extinctions of wild stocks. Keywords: Pacific Fishery Management Council, Lewis River
A PNW Solution to Saving Wild Salmon and Steelhead, by Dick Burge, pp 9-14, Issue No. 66, May 2010. Burge, of the Wild Steelhead Coalition, details past and emerging threats to salmon and steelhead, ranging from forest practices to climate change. He argues we must utilize various means of protection and restoration for rivers that are in the best condition, including federal protections as well as supporting local land trusts. Keywords: Forests and Fish Report, Hoh River Trust, FEMAT, ManTech, Pacific Salmon Stronghold Conservation Act
IHN on the Olympic Peninsula, by Pete Soverel, p16, Issue No. 66, May 2010. Soverel reports that countless fish in the Bogachiel hatchery as well as wild fish in the Bogachiel and Hoh have contracted IHN, a fatal virus. Soverel suggests an end to the Snider Creek program and advises against transfers of stock from the Hoko.
Cured Salmon Eggs Kill, by Jeff Mishler, pp17-19, Issue No. 66, May 2010. A recent study by the ODFW documents that cured salmon eggs can be lethal to juvenile salmonids and recommends that the toxic substances be banned. Keywords: sodium sulfite
Elwha Dam Removal, by George R. Pess, Sam J. Brenkman, Gary A. Winans, Michael L. McHenry, Jeffrey J. Duda, Tim Beechie, pp 1 & 4-8, Issue No. 65, January 2010. The researchers explain the damaging effect of dams on the Elwha, including over 146 rkm of habitat blocked for anadromous fish and reduced population sizes. Dam removal in 2011 offers a chance for recolonization of near pristine habitat by many salmonid species and the restoration river processes. Keywords: Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, Marmot dam, Condit Dam, Glines Canyon Dam
Editor's Message: Dams Away!, by Jim Yuskavitch, p. 2, Issue No. 65, January 2010. The editor reports that dam removal is becoming an increasingly viable option to restore fisheries and economies.
Chair's Corner: Culverts, Habitat and Hatcheries, by Bill Redman, p. 3, Issue No. 65, January 2010. Redman reports that in the recent lawsuit by northwest tribes the former WDFW Director Koenings testified that removing culverts may hurt wild fish. Redman points out the lack of logic and the need for the WDFW to establish wild fish management areas. Keywords: Judge Ricardo Martinez
Savage Rapids Dam Gone, by Robert G. Hunter, pp 9-10, Issue No. 65, January 2010. Hunter of WaterWatch of Oregon reports that in October 2009 the Savage Rapids dam on the River was finally removed. Irrigation is now provided through a pumping system and the original Grants Pass Irrigation District power right of 800 cfs has been transferred to an instream water right. Keywords: GPID, Gold Ray
California's Smith River, by Jon Goin, pp 11-13, Issue No. 65, January 2010. Goin describes this northern California “gem” as part of a healthy watershed that faces several fisheries challenges. Harvest and hatchery practices compromise the Smith's ability to live up to its potential of producing large and abundant wild Chinook and Steelhead. Keywords: Northwest Forest Plan, Six Rivers National Forest, Smith River Alliance, Friends of Cal-Ore Fish.
WDFW's Kalama River Wild Broodstock Research Program, by Will Atlas, pp 14-16, Issue No. 65, January 2010. Atlas reviews the history of the Kalama river steelhead which have declined to low levels like many PNW rivers. A wild broodstock hatchery experiment is currently underway, but if previous research holds true the mining of wild fish and domestication may reduce productivity of this fragile river. Keywords: Araki, Blouin, Hood River, Hulett, Sharpe, HSRG, Skamania.
Gear, Methods and Seasons, by Pete Soverel, pp 17-19, Issue No. 65, January 2010. Soverel makes several suggestions to lengthen fishing seasons that maintain or even reduce fishing mortality on steelhead: ban bait, ban fishing from boats, catch and release only, fly fishing only, limited entry, limited guides, limited fish caught or hooked. A combination of these alternatives offers a better result than shorter seasons with potential for poaching.
Deschutes River Juggling Act, by Jason T. Steals and Rod A. French, pp 1 & 4-9, Issue No. 64, September 2009. These ODFW biologists explain that in recent decades out of basin hatchery steelhead have been straying into the Deschutes, posing risks to wild steelhead. The biologists have recently installed weirs in several lower river tributaries to monitor and prevent hatchery fish spawning. Keywords: Bakeoven Creek, Buck Hollow Creek, Trout Creek.
Editor's Message: Fighting Dams an American Tradition, by Jim Yuskavitch, p. 2, Issue No. 64, September 2009. The editor reports on recent news that PacificCorp, the owner of four Klamath dams, has reached a loose agreement with stakeholders to remove the dams in 2020.
New Columbia BiOp just like old BiOp, by Bill Redman, pp 3 & 19, Issue No. 64, September 2009. The chair explains that the recently released BiOp by the Obama administration fails to make significant improvements to how the Columbia basin dams operate. It appears that any hope of meaningful changes that will benefit listed wild salmon and steelhead rest with Justice Redden. Keywords: Lubchenco, Nez Perce
Timber Trumps Fish, by Ralph Bloemers, pp 10-12, Issue No. 64, September 2009. Attorney at the Crag Law Center, Bloemers details how the Oregon Board of Forestry has been rewriting state forestry rules to boost commercial logging in the Tillamook and Clatsop State Forests. Unfortunately these plans ignore important habitat considerations that the Oregon Coast Coho Management Plan calls for, as well as other ecological considerations. A wide group of stakeholders oppose the plans. Keywords: Wilson, Trask, Kilchis
Hemlock Dam Now a Memory, By Amanda Pade, pp 13-14, Issue No. 64, September 2009. The author reports that in the summer of 2009 the Forest Service and collaborators removed the 26 foot tall dam on Trout Creek of the Wind River. Now an additional 13 miles are accessible to this key spawning and rearing habitat.
New Era for the Osprey and FFF Steelhead Committee, by Norm Ploss, pp 15-16, Issue No. 64, September 2009. Recently a number of changes have emerged at the Osprey, including: Bill Redman announcing his resignation for spring of 2010, refining the mission and vision, boosting our online presence with a blog and website and increasing fundraising efforts.
Alameda Creek Update, by Jeff Miller, pp17-18, Issue No. 64, September 2009. Miller, of the Alameda Creek Alliance, reports on significant progress on this creek's restoration efforts, including dam removals, construction of fish passage structures and fish screens. The biggest challenge now is ensuring San Francisco Public Utilities Commission provides adequate flows for Alameda's native fish. Keywords: Calaveras dam, BART weir, Stonybrook creek, SFPUC.
Sandy River Reborn: With Marmot Dam gone, Oregon's Sandy flows free once again, by Garth Wyatt and Nick Ackerman,
pp 1 & 4-7, Issue No. 63, May 2009. Biologists from Portland General Electric tell the story of two recent dam removals on Oregon's Sandy River.
The removals improve fish passage, open new habitat and go alongside shifts in hatchery practices that support native fish. Keywords: relicensing, Bull Run, Marmot Dam
Editor's Message: Obama and Salmon, by Jim Yuskavitch, pg. 2, Issue No. 63, May 2009. The editor notes that newly elected President Obama offers hope to conservationists with his recent appointments and budget.
Some Good News, for a Change, by Bill Redman, pp 3 & 18-19, Issue No. 63, May 2009. Redman reviews recent good news including: appointments to NOAA, many dam removals, hatchery reform and harvest reductions. Keywords: HSRG, Colville Tribe, Grandy Creek, Alsea Valley Alliance
Steelhead Lagoons: Coastal lagoons prove surprisingly valuable to steelhead, by Morgan Bond, pp 8-10, Issue No. 63, May 2009. Researcher Morgan Bond details recent findings on the benefits of lagoons to steelhead in central California. Juvenile steelhead rearing in lagoons exhibit greater growth and contribute a disproportionately large number of returning adults. Keywords: Scott Creek, Santa Cruz
The Osprey Blog, pg 11, Issue No. 63, May 2009. Osprey Steelhead News is the official Blog of the Osprey where readers can find up-to-date conservation news. See http://ospreysteelheadnews.blogspot.com
The Yakima River: Can its once-robust anadromous fish runs be restored? Pp 12-14, Issue No. 63, May 2009. Researcher Will Atlas traces how irrigation practices, flow regime and fish passage has harmed steelhead and salmon on the Yakima. Recent efforts to create more natural flow regimes, reconnect habitat and improve fish passage offer hope for anadromous fish. Keywords: Yakima Klickitat Fisheries Project, Satus, Toppenish, Cle Elum, Dave Fast
Columbia and Snake Rivers Lawsuit Update, pp 15-17, Issue No. 63, May 2009. Earthjustice Attorney Steve Mashuda explains that Judge Redden has urged federal defendants to review the 2008 BiOp with much greater recovery measures, including the possibility of dam removals on the lower Snake. Keywords: Nez Perce, Marsh, USACE, BPA, Bureau of Reclamation
Hoh River Wild Steelhead: Is an Endangered Species Act listing in their future? By Dick Burge, pp 1, 4-7, Issue No. 62, January 2009. Burge, of the Wild Steelhead Coalition, reviews the decline of Hoh River Wild Steelhead from 35,000-59,000 fish in the 1920s to a current escapement of under 3000 fish. Burge recommends easing harvest along with higher escapements and more thorough management plans. Keywords: maximum sustainable harvest, wild and scenic, wilderness, gene bank
Editor's Message: Going electronic, by Jim Yuskavitch, pg 2, Issue No. 62, January 2009. The editor explains the Osprey will now be available electronically via PDF files.
An Open Letter to the Washington F&W Commission on Selecting a New Director, by Bill Redman, pp 3 & 18, Issue No. 62, January 2009. Chairman Redman recommends the new WDFW director makes big changes in the WDFW including taking a more proactive role in protecting habitat, cutting hatchery production, putting wild fish as a priority when it comes to harvest, and demanding federal BiOps that fixes mainstem passage. Keywords: Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS), Redden
The Trinity River Reborn: The campaign to restore its wild steelhead, by Thomas Weseloh, pp 8-12, Issue No. 62, January 2009. Weseloh, of Cal Trout and Friends of Trinity River, reports that a great deal of progress has been done in moving forward with restoration of the Trinity from logging and water diversions from Trinity Dam. Increased flow and physical restoration of the flood plain mark improvement but ineffective decision making threatens improvement to tributary restoration and hatchery practices. Keywords: Trinity River Flow Evaluation Study, Department of Interior
Idaho Salmon and Steelhead Update: by Greg Stahl, pp 13-14, 19, Issue No. 62, January 2009. Stahl, of Idaho Rivers United, explains that the 2007-2008 run had about 150,000 steelhead in Idaho, with only 10% of those wild. To take advantage of Idaho's exceptional habitat, local advocates argue removal of the lower Snake River dams offers the most hope for restoration. Keywords: Redden, Bowler, Lower Granite Dam
Historical Columbia and Snake River Steelhead Runs: by Bill McMillan, pp 15-17, 19, Issue No. 62, January 2009. McMillan, of the Wild Fish Conservancy, traces historical accounts of steelhead abundance in the Columbia from early explorers. He reviews a crash in runs as early as the late 1800s and estimates abundances in several parts of the Columbia basin. Keywords: Payette, Stanley, Redfish, Little Spokane, Lord, Lewis and Clark, Evermann
Solving the Klamath River Crisis: Fish and farms are the solution, not the problem: by S. Craig Tucker, pp 1, 4-6, Issue No. 61, September 2008. Tucker, of the Karuk Tribe of California, reviews the decade plus battle of farmers, environmentalists, Indians and commercial fisherman over the Klamath basin resources. Most parties have made reasonable progress however he argues environmentalists have made unreasonable requests from farmers and hindered the dam removal process. Keywords:
Solving the Klamath River Crisis: Settlement lets irrigators off the hook: by Steve Pedery, pp1, 7-9, Issue No. 61, September 2008. Pedery, of Oregon Wild, reviews the decline of the Klamath and explains the shortcomings of the most recent settlement. The settlement fails to ensure adequate flow to ESA salmon and valuable wetlands, reduces public oversight, and provides no provisions for dam removal. Keywords: Lower Klamath and Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge, WaterWatch
Editor's Message: Klamath basin solutions? By Jim Yuskavitch, pg 2, Issue No. 61, September 2008. The editor explains that the decade old Klamath crisis may have new hope for finding solutions as the lower four dams are up for relicensing.
Chair's Corner: Concerns over the Columbia hydro deal: by Bill Redman, pp 3 & 6, Issue No. 61, September 2008. Chairman Redman reviews in more detail the hatchery expansion in the recent Columbia River settlement between lower river tribes and the BPA. He argues the hatchery expansions may increase threats to ESA-listed stocks. Keywords: Klickitat, Wahkiacus
Freeing the Rogue: A look at the dam situation on a top Oregon river: by Bob Hunter, pp 10-12, Issue No. 61, September 2008. Hunter, of WaterWatch of Oregon, relates the struggle of his organization and others to see to the removal of the Savage Rapids Dam, which will occur in 2009. One other upstream dam has been removed and another will likely be removed in the near future. He credits hard work and advocacy along with the ESA for this success story. Keywords: Gold Hill Dam, Gold Ray Dam, Elk Creek Dam
Mattole River: Portrait of a unique northern California fishery: by Phil Greenlee, pp 13-15, Issue No. 61, September 2008. Greenlee, of the FFF Northern California Council, summarizes this unique Northern California River. This 62 mi river in Humboldt County has suffered from low flows in the summer and historical logging practices but new water conservation efforts along with the absence of dams and hatchery fish offer hope for the future. Keywords: California Coastal Commission, Sanctuary Forest.
Friends of Wild Salmon: Banning salmon farming from northern B.C. waters: by Andrew Williams, pp 16-19, Issue No. 61, September 2008. Williams, of Friends of Wild Salmon, reports that in March 2008 the B.C. government announced no salmon farms would be implemented north of a line 87 mi south of the Skeena R. mouth. It took a coalition of wild fish advocates and persistent public engagement to get the ban and further challenges to the south will require more action. Keywords: John Volpe, Alexandra Morton, Pat Bell, Pan Fish, Norway.
Native Fish Conservation Areas: Sustaining native fish and aquatic ecosystems: by Rick Williams, pp 1, 4-5, Issue No. 60, May 2008. Williams, of U of Idaho and the Federation of Fly Fishers, explains that a growing movement from the FFF and other conservationists focuses on establishing native fish conservation areas. These would ensure the maintenance and restoration of natural watershed processes and its native organisms and be built on partnerships with stakeholders. Keywords: Fisheries Conservation Foundation
Editor's Message: Fish Refuges, by Jim Yuskavitch, pg 2, Issue No. 60, May 2008. The Editor explains the excitement that the Osprey has in publishing this article on wild fish refuges, a new idea that the FFF and conservationists hope to make a reality.
Chair's Corner: Columbia Dam Woes Continue, by Bill Redman, pg 3 & 23, Issue No. 60, May 2008. Redman explains the federal government reached an agreement with the three Lower Columbia tribes in which the tribes receive $750 million in exchange for withdrawing support for lawsuits against the feds. Unfortunately, writes Redman, the funds focus too heavily on hatcheries and ignore the mainstem passage issues.
Wild Steelhead Management Zones: Why we need them and what they should look like, by Nick Gayeski and Ramon Vanden Brulle, pp 6-8, Issue No. 60, May 2008. The WDFW recently proposed "wild stock gene banks" in its recent steelhead management plan. The authors, of the Wild Fish Conservancy, emphasize a greater need for determining wild steelhead productivity, establishing hatchery reference streams, establishing genetic reserves, and evaluating fishery impacts. Keywords: wild steelhead management zones, regional management plans
Above the Dam: Coho salmon colonize Washington's Cedar River, by Joseph Anderson, pp 9-11, Issue No. 60, May 2008. U of WA PhD student Anderson reviews recent colonization recent in Western WA. After providing access to the protected Cedar River watershed with a fish ladder 86 wild coho salmon strayed into the watershed. A nearby source population and healthy watershed offers the most promise for restoration potential. Keywords: Seattle Public Utilities, Rock Creek
Our Little River: How a small Oregon river became a wild fish refuge, by Doug Schaad and Conrad Gowell, pp12-15, Issue No. 60, May 2008. Two conservation minded anglers share the history of impacts on wild steelhead in a small and less frequented coastal watershed. While past harvest, hatchery releases and forestry has levied its toll on this river an enduring sanctuary (closed reaches), the ending of harvest and hatchery plantings have provided anecdotal evidence that the health of the wild steelhead has improved. The authors call for continued stewardship. Keywords: spotted owl, marbled murrelet
Wild Salmonid Management Areas: An idea whose time has come? By Curt Kraemer, pp 16-18, Issue No. 60, May 2008. Former WDFW biologist Kraemer discusses the emergence of Wild Salmonid Management Areas and one establishment on part of the Skagit basin. WSMAs aim to cut hatchery/wild interactions and reduce mortality of wild salmonids through changes in hatchery management and fishing regulations. Kraemer argues more public involvement is needed for their expansion into other watersheds.
A Skagit River Commentary, by Will Atlas, pp 19-20, Issue No. 60, May 2008. Atlas reflects on the decline of wild steelhead in the Skagit to record low levels. He argues that the release of over 500,000 non-native steelhead smolts annually is the biggest hindrance management has levied on the stock and is a major obstacle towards recovery. Keywords: Sauk, forest practices
Judge Tosses Biological Opinion for Salmon and Steelhead in California, p 20, Issue No. 60, May 2008. Federal Judge Wanger invalidated a proposed water management plan for San Francisco Bay. The pumping of increased water from the Delta would have harmed listed Chinook and steelhead. Keywords: Operating Criteria and Plan,
A Copper-Salmon Wilderness: Roadless and wilderness areas as fish refuges, by Mike Beagle, p 21-22, Issue No. 60, May 2008. Beagle, of Trout Unlimited argues for wilderness protection in the Copper-Salmon forest in coastal Oregon. Although a patchwork of federal protections currently exist, recent logging has shown its vulnerability and Beagle has worked with a coalition towards making it a wilderness area. Keywords: Gordon Smith, Ron Wyden, Peter DeFazio, John Kitzhaber, Ted Kulongoski, Port Orford.
Washington's Forest Practices Habitat Conservation Plan: Adaptive Management or Gridlock? By Peter Goldman, pp 1, 4-6, Issue No. 59, January 2008. In 2000, Washington State and the timber industry opted for a habitat conservation plan (HCP) in conjunction with its Forest and Fish Report in order to shield itself from potential "takes" of ESA species. Since many assumptions in the HCP were tenuous an "adaptive management" strategy was undertaken to monitor the effectiveness of conservation measures. Evidence thus far indicates that the State has failed to improve buffer protections of streams in spite of clear science showing its need. Better federal oversight and more independent review is necessary for improvements. Keywords: incidental take permit, forest practices board.
Editor's Message: Winter Steelhead Doldrums, by Jim Yuskavitch, pg 2, Issue No. 59, January 2008. Editor Yuskavitch writes that his home in central Oregon is poor spot for winter steelhead and hopes that those fortunate enough to live nearby winter steelhead streams will find time to read this issue of The Osprey.
Chair's Corner: Finding Steelhead Magic, by Bill Redman, pp 3 & 7, Issue No. 59, January 2008. Redman recalls finding his addiction to steelhead: After poor weather in Wyoming delayed his September 1965 trout fishing trip, his curiosity drew him the Grande Rhonde. Several memorable wild steelhead made him a devout steelhead and he remarks that by the '90s the fish had become overwhelming of hatchery origin. Wild steelhead now face twice as many dams in their migrations to and from sea and the federal Biological Opinions still deny the immense harm they do to the fish. Keyword: James Redden
Space, Time and Sex Memoir of a Rainbow Trout Watcher, by John R. McMillan, pp 8-11, Issue No. 59, January 2008. McMillan, of Oregon State University, recounts ecological observations of steelhead and trout on the Olympic peninsula that recently culminated in a published manuscript. McMillan found that trout tended to utilize and spawn in upper reaches of the basin in late spring, while steelhead tended to utilize middle reaches slightly earlier in the year. Mating observations found resident male rainbow trout to spawn with female steelhead, particularly late in the spring. Keywords: precocious parr, Kostow
Global Warming Law Considered, by Bob Rees, pg 7, Issue No. 59, January 2008. Rees, of the Northwest Guides and Anglers Association, urges national lawmakers to step up and cut carbon emissions. Observations from anglers and guides across the northwest demonstrate climate change is already having a dramatic effect on fisheries. Keywords: Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act, Klamath River fish kill, Ron Wyden, Gordon Smith
Fish Creek, Wild Idaho Steelhead Haven, by Gary Macfarlane, pp 12-14, Issue No. 59, January 2008. Macfarlane describes the healthy state of this Clearwater headwater stream: a strong spawning area for steelhead and other fishes, it has seen little development. Current roadless protections have been threatened and conservationists must push for wilderness protection. Keywords: Northern Rockies Ecosystem Protection Act, Alliance for the Wild Rockies
Fizzy Science: Big Hydro's Hidden Role in Global Warming, by Dr. Patrick McCully, pp 15-16, Issue No. 59, January 2008. McCully, of International Rivers, explains how dams in tropical areas are responsible for releasing climate warming gasses far greater than even coal-fired plants. Unfortunately the hydropower industry is attempting to stifle research on hydropower's impact on global warming and the author argues an independent review of science is necessary. Keywords: IPCC, Balbina, Itaipu, Tucurui, Hydro-Quebec
Conflicting Wild Steelhead Management Goals on Oregon's Molalla River, by Bill Bakke, pp 17-18, Issue No. 59, January 2008. Bakke, of the Wild Fish Society, explains how this upper Willamette Basin river has endured conflicting goals trying to balance hatchery harvest and wild steelhead production. Spawner surveys suggest the introductions of non-native steelhead depressed the native winter run and the curtailment of these releases in 1999 may be leading to a rebound of the wild steelhead. Keywords: Kostow, Big Creek, Skamania
John Sager Retires from Steelhead Committee, by Pete Soverel, pg 19, Issue No. 59, January 2008. Sager, a founding member of the Committee, has shown leadership in advising the WDFW on steelhead management and ensuring the voice of wild steelhead is heard.
The Politics of Wild and Farmed Salmon: A brief update on the mess in British Columbia, by Craig Orr, pp 1 and 4-7, Issue No. 58, September 2007. Orr of the Watershed Watch Salmon Society explains that the Department of Fisheries and Oceans continues to deny the problem that a growing body of science supports: farmed salmon spread sea lice to wild salmon and threaten their productivity. Keywords: Alexandra Morton, Marty Krkosek, Marine Harvest, Wild Salmon Policy
Editor's message: Deja vu all over again, by Jim Yuskavitch, p 2, Issue No. 58, September 2007. The editor notes we revisit issues such as salmon farming, Skeena commercial fisheries and Columbia biops to continue the long conservation battles.
Chair's Corner: A Washington Steelhead Draft Plan, by Bill Redman, pp 3 & 18, Issue No. 58, September 2007. As the WDFW embarks on selecting alternatives for the State Steelhead management plan it ought to select the one that minimizes use of hatcheries and focuses on allowing wild stocks to function with no harvest, and involve the WDFW more vocally in habitat protection. Keywords: Hatchery Scientific Review Group
Reminiscing about connections, by John Sager, pp 8-9, Issue No. 58, September 2007. Veteran angler and FFF Steelhead Committee member Sager reflects on his life as a steelheader. After a career of foreign service he settled in the Northwest and quickly tied into the steelhead community, enjoying the company of greater steelheaders and fish on the famed rivers of the northwest. He continues to fight political battles for wild steelhead.
Skeena River in Crisis: Commercial salmon fisheries still decimate wild steelhead, by Rob Brown, pp 10-13, Issue No. 58, September 2007. Poor management of a commercial gillnet fishery targeting Babine river bound sockeye salmon continue to decimate wild steelhead. The author notes that first nations and available technology have proven to be a better alternative but little change is apparent for the future. Keywords: Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Nass
Giving a 'Dam' for Salmon: A new BiOp offers another chance for wild Snake River fish, by Joseph Bogaard, pp 14-6 & 19, Issue No. 58, September 2007. Bogaard, of the Save Our Wild Salmon Coalition, reports that federal agencies continue to submit illegal biological opinions about recovery options for the Columbia River. Judicial rulings give more hope that ecological and economic justifications for dam removal on the lower Snake will gain momentum. Keywords: Judge Redden, NMFS
Green River Gains FFF Endangered Fishery Status with Threat of Proposed Mine, by Federation of Fly Fishers, p 17, Issue No. 58, September 2007. General Mines of Idaho is proposing to build a mine in the upper Cowlitz drainage. The FFF has listed the Green as a threatened river due to the risk a copper mine would pose to endangered fishes in the drainage. Submit comments to the Forest Service. Keywords: Margaret Copper Deposit
Fish Out of Water: Pacific Northwest coldwater fish on the hot seat, by James Schroeder and Patty Glick, pages 1, 4-5, Issue No. 57, May 2007. Schroeder and Glick of the National Wildlife Federation discuss how warmer temperatures due to habitat degradation and now climate change put salmon and steelhead at risk. Preservation of healthy systems and restoration efforts such as habitat improvement, restoring natural flows and reducing climate change offer the best hope for the future. Keywords: Deschutes, Klamath, Snake, sportfishing economics, global warming
Hot Times Ahead, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 57, May 2007. The Editor writes that the summer's hot weather put salmon and steelhead to the test and humans are best advised to put no more pressure on fish than nature itself exerts on them.
Global Warming: Are Dams Green? By Bill Redman, page 3, Issue No. 57, May 2007. Chairman Redman examines the current discourse on dams as a source of green energy. While prominent writer Tom Friedman trumpets their lack of CO2 emissions, Redman reminds us that the impacts on salmon and steelhead are grave.
Two Management Strategies for Washington Steelhead Compared, by Richard Burge, pages 6-11, Issue No. 57, May 2007. Burge of the Wild Steelhead Coalition explains the coalition's recommendations to the state draft steelhead management plan: 1) Fisheries/Harvest management must take a more conservative and adaptive approach 2) Life history and genetic diversity restoration plans must be more specific and significant 3) Hatcheries need much stronger monitoring and evaluation before proceeding forward. Keywords: escapement, maximum sustained harvest or yield, run timing, resident rainbows
Saving Southern Steelhead: What's at stake at Malibu Creek, by Jim Edmondson, pages 12-13, Issue No. 57, May 2007. Edmondson, formerly of California Trout, reviews the status of Malibu Creek Steelhead and the possible Rindge Dam removal: The 1923 dam has cut off nearly all valuable steelhead habitat but its outdated status lends to the prospect of its removal and hope for this nearly extinct steelhead run. Keywords: southern California distinct population segment, US Army Corps of Engineers, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Santa Monica Bay, san clemente dam, carmel river.
A Local View of Salmon and Steelhead Conservation in the John Day Basin, by Shaun W. Robertson, pages 14-17, Issue No. 57, May 2007. Robertson, of the John Day Basin Trust reviews the history of salmon restoration efforts on the John Day River in Eastern Oregon. From the mid 1960s to the mid 1980s drastic declines in salmon and steelhead runs occurred. These declines spurred grassroots conservation that are now being challenged by outside developers and conservation groups, writes Robertson. Keywords: grant county, john day dam, US Army Corps of Engineers
Puget Sound Steelhead Receive ESA Protection, page 17, Issue No. 57, May 2007. On May 7, 2007 NOAA fisheries designated Puget Sound steelhead as "threatened" under the Endangered Species Act. This includes all summer and winter run steelhead. Keywords: Sam Wright, Elwha River, Dakota Creek
Fish Passage Center Survives Upstream Battle, by Therese Wells, pages 18-19, Issue No. 57, May 2007. Wells, of Save Our Wild Salmon, writes that salmon recovery efforts won an important battle when a "U.S. federal appeals court ordered the Bonneville Power Association to continue funding the Fish Passage Center," an agency the collects vital salmon and steelhead data on the Columbia River required for making sound decisions. Keywords: Larry Craig, Northwest Power and Conservation Council, confederated tribes and bands of the Yakima Indian Nation, Pacific Environmental Advocacy Center, 9th Circuit
The Osprey at Twenty: Assessing Our Contribution to Conserving Wild Steelhead and Salmon, by Pete Soverel, pages 1, 4-6, Issue No. 56, January 2007. Author Soverel reports on the vital role served by The Osprey: After 20 years of effective advocacy for wild steelhead The Osprey has made itself an authoritative publication for wild steelhead conservation. However, Soverel questions whether the pace of change driven by The Osprey is fast enough given the dire straits in which today's wild steelhead find themselves.
Editor's Message: 20 years of Fighting for Wild Steelhead, by Editor Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 56, January 2007. Yuskavitch explains that The Osprey was founded by Bob Arnold and Stan Young twenty years ago in an effort to give a voice for wild steelhead. The author gives credit to current contributing editors Stan Young and John Sager for their contributions as editors and long time committee members.
The ESA and Steelhead, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 22-23, January 2007. Chairman Redman reflects that for over a decade NOAA Fisheries has fallen short in providing effective implementation of the ESA through its failure to incorporate sound science in biological opinions (BiOps) and hatchery policies. The courts have at times responded favorably to legal action by FFF and others. Keywords: Malcolm Marsh, James Redden, Ray Hilborn, Michael Hogan.
Steelhead to the Fly: The Dilemma of Increased Fishing Efficiency for Reduced Numbers of Fish, by Bill McMillan, pages 7-9, January 2007. McMillan traces ethical and spiritual anecdotes from anglers of centuries past in Eastern and Western Civilizations, as well as his personal experience, as he explains how today's anglers must reconcile a meaningful sporting tradition with an increasingly troubled resource. Keywords: Thoreau, Audobon, Darwin, Charles Wallace, Babine, Haig-Brown.
State of the Steelhead: An Overview of How Wild Steelhead Populations are Faring Today, by John McMillan, Bill Bakke, Bert Bowler, Katie Perry and Norm Ploss, Rick Kustich, Art Lingren, Pete Soverel, pages 15-20, January 2007. The authors review the status of steelhead throughout the PNW and Great Lakes: In the PNW states and British Columbia, the four H's continue to threaten populations. Russia's steelhead benefit from pristine habitat but many populations suffer from poaching and the introduced steelhead of the Great Lakes experience high abundance. Keywords: ESA, historic abundance, B-run, Kamchatka.
Managing Declining Steelhead Stocks, by Bill Bakke, pages 10-12, January 2007. Bakke, of the Native Fish Society, writes that severely depressed steelhead runs face many challenges but ultimately it is the angler who must demand better management of wild steelhead if populations are to recover. Keywords: Wild Salmonid Policy, Willis Rich, Wild Steelhead Coalition, by-catch.
A Brief History of the Osprey, by Stan Young and John Sager, pages 13-14, January 2007. Young and Sager reflect on its humble beginning in 1987 as an early voice for wild steelhead. The Osprey has taken authoritative stands on threats to wild steelhead and shared reminiscences of steelhead pioneers. Keywords: Bob Arnold
Changing the Rules Midstream: New FERC Regulations Undermine Fish Protections at Hydropower Dams, by Rebecca Sherman, pages 1, 4-5, Issue No. 55, September 2006. Sherman, of the Hydropower Coalition, explains how the Energy Policy Act of 2005 has undermined environmental protections associated with hydropower facilities: dam owners now have more tools to challenge protections and test the resources of conservationists and management agencies. Keywords: PacifiCorp, Klamath, Federal Power Act, Tacoma Power, Skokomish, Spokane, Clean Water Act, Warren v. Maine, Hells Canyon.
Getting Technical, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 55, September 2006. The Editor writes that this issue includes several articles on steelhead science that ought to be read by all in order to participate in the increasingly technical conservation debate. There are also important articles on policy related to hydropower.
Upper Columbia Steelhead, Part II, by Bill Redman, page 3, Issue No. 55, September 2006. Chairman Redman explains that NOAA and the WDFW are basing recovering efforts on hatchery reform which has been scientifically shown to be detrimental to wild populations by reduction of fitness. Redman makes several management suggestions for the WDFW which include more wild fish sanctuaries and better monitoring of hatchery operations. Keywords: Methow, Salmon Recovery Science Review Panel ( RSRP ), Bruce Ward.
A Conservation Crisis: Steelhead Stock Declines on Vancouver Island, by Craig Wightman, pages 6-8, Issue No. 55, September 2006. Wightman, of the Salmon and Steelhead Recovery Team for the BC Ministry of Environment, writes that steelhead stocks on the east coast declined precipitously in the 1990s. Urban and industrial development, along with poor ocean conditions, explains much of the decline. A holistic recovery approach is beginning to demonstrate success. Keywords: Keogh, Englishman, Gold, Tsitika.
River of Consequences: The Klamath Basin Crisis Five Years Later, by Steve Pedery, pages 9-11, Issue No. 55, September 2006. Pedery, of Oregon Wild, writes of the degradation to fish habitat that has persisted for over a century. Massive irrigation projects and dams without fish passage facilities have pushed salmon and steelhead to the brink of extinction and harmed local communities. While the Bush Administration has taken a stand with irrigators for low flows, recent relicensing requirements offer hope for ecosystem recovery. Keywords: Pacific Power, Senator Gordon Smith, fish kills.
Impacts of Hatchery Steelhead on a Wild Steelhead Population, by Kathryn Kostow, pages 12-13, Issue No. 55, September 2006. Kostow, of the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, summarizes recent research that found hatchery summer steelhead in the upper Clackamas River to threaten the viability of ESA listed wild winter steelhead. Although the hatchery summer steelhead did not successfully interbreed with the wild winter runs, they did naturally reproduce. The summer run smolts competed for resources with the wild winter run smolts, in turn depressing wild winter run productivity. Keywords: hatchery and wild interactions.
Hatchery Steelhead Straying in the Deschutes River Basin, by Richard W. Carmichael and Timothy L. Hoffnagle, pages 14-17, Issue No. 55, September 2006. These biologists from the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife report findings that beginning in the 1990s more out of basin strays account for more than twice the number of natural original steelhead in the Deschutes. In order to minimize the threat of strays to ESA listed natural origin steelhead the managers have identified the most threatening stocks and pushed for hatchery reform. Keywords: Interior Columbia Basin Technical Recovery Team ( ICBTRT ), hatchery and wild interactions.
San Mateo Creek Steelhead Update, by Tim E. Hovey, pages 18-19, Issue No. 55, September 2006. Hovey, a biologist with the Oregon Department of Fish and Game, writes that a resident rainbow trout that was likely the offspring of resident fish. That marked the first successful spawn of reported in over 50 years in this San Diego County Creek. Although no fish have been observed since, intense interest has spurred recovery efforts. Keywords: technical advisory committee ( TAC ), Devil Canyon.
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Historic Steelhead Abundance: The Appropriate Baseline, by Peter W. Soverel, pages 1, 4-7, Issue No. 54, May 2006. Soverel argues that state and federal management agencies have failed to incorporate the historical archive in setting steelhead abundance goals. Summarizing recent research, he writes that Puget Sound and Olympic Peninsula steelhead stocks are at a fraction of historic abundance and run timing diversity has been dramatically altered. Management agencies must change harvest and hatchery practices and set higher escapement goals for recovery. Keywords: Jim Meyers, U.S. Fish Commission, SaSI, Jeffrey Koenings, run timing.
For the Love of Wild Steelhead, by Steve Raymond, pages 1, 8-10, Issue No. 54, May 2006. Raymond traces Haig-Brown and other writers as he reflects on why we fish for steelhead. While others have written of its beauty and fighting ability, Raymond sees the perseverance and courage of the steelhead as the qualities anglers admire and seek to emulate. Keywords: Francis C. Whitehouse, Jack Atherton, Wild Steelhead Coalition.
History, the Fifth 'H', by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 54, May 2006. The editor writes that many in the salmon and steelhead management arena believe hatcheries are necessary keep our rivers full of fish. But, he argues, that would be ignoring the history that tells us wild populations of much greater numbers are very attainable if left in their wild state. Keywords: David Montgomery.
Return to the River, by Bill Bakke, pages 11-13, Issue No. 54, May 2006. Bakke, of the Native Fish Society, reviews Richard Williams' Return to the River. Williams synthesizes many technical documents about the Columbia River recovery efforts and explains that the failed response to the decline of its salmon and steelhead is attributable to a misguided conceptual framework. For a recovery of the Columbia, the fish must be viewed in context of their ecosystem, not in context of how technology can revive the depleted runs. Keywords: Northwest Power and Conservation Council ( NPCC ), Bonneville Power Administration ( BPA ), roadless areas, gas bubble disease, ocean conditions.
Upper Columbia Steelhead Lack Protection, by Bill Redman, page 3, 19, Issue No. 54, May 2006. Chairman Redman reviews the history of upper Columbia River Steelhead including their population trends, management, and legal challenges. He argues that hatchery supplementation and federal downlisting to "threatened" put the fish and the fishery at a grave risk. Keywords: Judge Marsh, Biological Review Team.
A Kalama River Dam? By Patrick Trotter, pages 14-15, Issue No. 54, May 2006. Trotter recounts his childhood experiences on the Kalama and those of famous steelhead pioneers. A proposed dam would span 16 river miles and all but doom the ESA listed Steelhead and Chinook. Keywords: Department of Ecology, Columbia River Mainstem Storage Options, Mike Kennedy, Kalama Special.
Alameda Creek Steelhead Recovery, by Jeff Miller, pages 16-18, Issue No. 54, May 2006. Miller, of the Alameda Creek Alliance discusses recovery efforts targeted at this Bay Area population of threatened Central California Coast steelhead. By building a large coalition of conservation groups and concerned citizens, the alliance has pushed local authorities to remove impassable barriers and encourage other restoration efforts. Keywords: San Francisco Public Utilities Commission ( SFPUC ), San Francisco.
Northern California Council Federation of Fly Fishers Fish Passage Project on Alameda Creek, by Norm Ploss, page 18, Issue No. 54, May 2006. Ploss, of the Northern California Council Federation of Fly Fishers, details efforts towards removing an upstream migration barrier on Alameda Creek in the San Francisco Bay. Keywords: Golden West Women's Fly Fishers, USGS Gauging Station A.
Judge Declares 2005 BiOp Violates ESA, page 10, Issue No. 54, May 2006. Judge Redden declares a 2005 Biological Opinion by NOAA Fisheries of water management on the Snake River in Idaho illegal because it fails to address recovery of ESA-listed fish and treats dams as immutable aspects of the landscape. Keywords: Bureau of Reclamation, Federal Columbia River Power System Plan ( FCRPS ).
Wild Salmon, an Economic Resource or a Wild Animal?, by Eric Redman and Sven Brandt-Erichsen, pages 1, 4-6, Issue No. 53, January 2006. The authors write that the many ESA listed salmon and steelhead suffer from non-selective fisheries where "incidental" catches levy considerable pressure on already troubled populations. They say more selective fisheries and market reforms targeted at consumers must be implemented and management agencies need to recognize that harvest, not only habitat, limits the prospects reviving ESA species. Keywords: harvest plans, Pacific Salmon Treaty, Salmon Spawning and Recovery Alliance, selective harvest.
Editor's Message: Page One Standouts, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 1, Issue No. 53, January 2006. The editor writes that The Osprey editors had a particular challenging time determining whether the timely and important articles from Bakke and Redman and Brandt-Erichsen ought to take the front page. The remainder of the issue touches on a wide range of issues, from BC's Thompson to River to the Fish Passage Center.
First, the Bad News... by Bill Redman, page 3, 18, Issue No. 53, January 2006. Chairman Redman writes that the November 2005 Energy bill passed by congress eliminated funding for the Fish Passage Center (FPC), and Redman argues that the new independent body must be fully funded and work towards the recovery goals of the various stakeholders. NOAA Fisheries came out in favor of conservation groups in placing resident rainbows and steelhead in different Distinct Population Segments ( DPS ) although they also chose to downgrade upper Columbia steelhead from endangered to threatened. Keywords: Larry Craig, BPA, Tom McGuane, National Hydropower Association
Columbia River Economics, By Bill Redman, page 3, 19, Issue No. 53, January 2006. Redman explains that the Bonneville Power Association (BPA) complaints about "foregone power revenues" illustrate distorted values of the Columbia River. The power industry would have us believe that fish and wildlife are levying high costs but, as he cites the National Academy of Sciences, it is the dams that may be costing fish and those who depend on them. Keywords: National Research Council, Upstream: Salmon and Society in the Pacific Northwest.
Native Broodstock Hatcheries: No Solution for Salmon Recovery, by Bill Bakke, pages 1, 7-10, Issue No. 53, January 2006. Author Bakke explains that recent ESA listings and decades of scientific review have encouraged forward hatchery reform. However, fisheries managers have come up with a new tool of "hatchery integration" which attempts supplement wild populations through hatchery breeding. Bakke argues that the reduced productivity of hatchery-bred wild salmon ultimately threatens the sustainability of the wild populations that hatchery integration purports to save. Keywords: Katherine Kostow, Fred Utter, Dave Montgomery, Rik Scarce, Independent Scientific Advisory Board ( ISAB ), Salmon Recovery Science Review Panel ( RSRP ).
Critical Salmon and Steelhead Habitat: Administration Rolls Back Safeguards for Imperiled Species, by Jan Hassleman, pages 12-14, Issue No. 53, January 2006. Earthjustice attorney Hassleman writes that a pro-development group filed a lawsuit in 2002 to roll back ESA critical habitat designations for salmon and steelhead. The Bush Administration reached a friendly settlement and in 2005 released new rules weakening protections on "unoccupied" habitat and riparian habitat. Furthermore, the administration has used a "grossly distorted economic analysis" that unfairly inflates the costs of habitat protections. Keywords: Mark Rutzick, Skagit River Estuary, Richard Pombo.
Hatcheries as a Consideration for Thompson River Steelhead Restoration, by Bill McMillan, pages 14-16, Issue No. 53, January 2006. McMillan, a biologist with Washington Trout, writes that a fish advocacy group in on BC's Thompson River is misled to think hatcheries may help revive the river's troubled steelhead. Degraded habitat and incidental harvest largely account for poor runs on the Thompson and to add hatcheries would further harm the wild steelhead. The Canadians would benefit from looking at the U.S. example, McMillan argues, where it has been only the removal, not the addition, of hatcheries that has benefited wild steelhead. Keywords: Spences Bridge, Wind River, Grande Rhonde, John Day, global warming.
Proposed Mine Threatens ESA-Listed Salmon and Steelhead, by Ryan Hunter, pages 16-17, Issue No. 53, January 2006. Idaho General Mines has proposed a 3,000 acre mine near the Green River, a tributary of the Cowlitz River. Originally purchased from the Trust for Public Lands by the Forest Service, development would threaten ESA listed fish and other sensitive habitat.
Legal Action Taken to Reinstate Fish Passage Center Budget, page 17, Issue No. 53, January 2006. A coalition of fish advocates explains that the Northwest Environmental Defense Center ( NEDC ) has filed a petition arguing that attempts to replace the Fish Passage Center are illegal. Keywords: Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER) and the Northwest Sportfishing Industry Association ( NSIA ), Pacific Advocacy Center.
Expert Changes His Mind: The Dams Should Come Down, by Rocky Barker, pages 1, 4-5, Issue No. 52, September 2005. Reprint of an article appearing August 9, 2005 in the Idaho Statesman. Don Chapman, for many years a leading fish biologist who defended the hydroelectric industry's technological fixes (barging, excess water flows, ladders), now has changed his mind and says that removing the four Snake River dams is the only realistic solution to saving salmon and steelhead. Regional warming is his primary concern but he acknowledges the long-term economic benefits to dam breaching. Chapman's long service and high reputation require many others to re-think their positions on this most controversial issue. Key Words: American Fisheries Society, James Redden, National Marine Fisheries Service, nuclear power, Owen Squires
Editor's Message: Truth and Science, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 52, September 2005. The truth sometimes takes a beating at the hands of politicians who seek to suppress it, especially scientific truth, when it interferes with vested interests. This issue of The Osprey deals with two troubling examples of truth-avoidance. Key Words: fish passage center, Endangered Species Act
Chair's Corner: Fishing and Reflecting on the North Umpqua River with Frank Moore, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 19, Issue No. 52, September 2005. The Chairman reminisces with Frank Moore, the legendary patron of the North Umpqua River's Steamboat Inn. Frank's on-stream recollections are a valuable reminder of the damage done by logging and dams.
The Saga of Snake River Basin Steelhead and Salmon, by Bert Bowler, pages 6-9, Issue No. 52, September 2005. The author, native fisheries director for Idaho Rivers United, takes readers on a fascinating history tour to the ice ages and forward, describing the determined adaptability and survival of salmonids in the Columbia-Snake river system. Today's dismal returns of wild fish reflect the enormous damage caused in just recent decades by eight major dams on the system and other habitat alterations. Key Words: Salmon River, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Chinook
Where to from Here? Sacramento River Steelhead Protection, by Norm Ploss, pages 10, 11, Issue No. 52, September 2005. The author is a new member of The Osprey editorial committee and an officer-activist in the Northern California Council of the FFF. This article is an excellent review of the political realities, Sacramento style, facing fish advocates who are trying to save the entire river system from the predations of powerful pressure groups. Key Words: California Department of Fish & Game, CDF&G, NCCFFF, NOAA Fisheries, CalTrout
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to Review Columbia River Hatcheries, by Bill Baake, pages 12, 13, Issue No. 52, September 2005. A review of plans by USF&WS to examine the effectiveness of Columbia River system hatcheries. Author Baake, executive director of the Native Fish Society, is not optimistic that much good will come from this effort, a federally-mandated review of hatchery practices that already have been found to be seriously wanting. Key Words: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, USFWS, NOAA Fisheries, U.S. Geological Survey, supplementation, stock transfers
Sea Ranching Madness, by Charles B. Miller, page 13, Issue No. 52, September 2005. A long-experienced oceanographer blasts the Bush administration's intent to enable high-seas sea ranching, pointing out the ecological and economic absurdities of the plan. Better to eat pigs than to feed them to ranched fish.
Passing on the Fish Passage Center, by Jim Yuskavitch, 14 - 16, Issue No. 52, September 2005.
Idaho's powerful senator, Republican Larry Craig, has introduced legislation to axe the 22-year-old Fish Passage Center, the only agency that actually counts the numbers of Columbia River system salmonids making their way from and to the ocean. Its data, available to anyone via its web site, is invaluable to fish managers of all stripes and denying its availability seems to be a crass attempt to silence both messenger and message as a sop to hydropower, mining and other pressure groups. Key Words: Northwest Power Planning Council, NWPCC, Michele DeHart, James Redden, Data Access in Real Time, DART
Pombo ESA Legislation Analyzed, by Earthjustice, pages 17-19, Issue No. 52, September 2005. House of Representatives' member Richard Pombo (R-CA) has authored and the House has passed a bill (HR 3824) which would drastically weaken the Endangered Species Act. It is full of wasteful and science-denying demands and many conservationists are rightly worried. This piece by EarthJustice, the foremost non-profit public interest environmental law firm, provides brief and clear descriptions of the bill's major faults.
Skeena River Steelhead at the Start of the 21st Century, by Rob Brown, pages 1, 4-7, Issue No. 51, May 2005. Author Brown probably knows more about Skeena River steelhead than just about anybody. He chronicles the history of this now-threatened national treasure by tracing the inept Canadian government agencies' infighting, both at the federal and local levels, the commercial fishing pressure on those agencies and other milestones. He sees hope, but with major conditions. Key Words: Terrace, B.C., Bruce Hill, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Bob Hooton
Editor's Message: The Columbia River Salmon Saga Continues, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 51, May 2005. Editor Yuskavitch notes a federal judge's ruling that the Fed's latest recovery plan for Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead doesn't pass muster. It is based on too many iffy assumptions and ignores the lower Snake River dams as part of the problem.
Chair's Corner: Pitfall of Using Hatchery Fish for Wild Fish Recovery, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 19, Issue No. 51, May 2005. Chairman Redman reports on the findings of the Salmon Recovery Science Review Panel's report to NOAA Fisheries. It warns of high danger in relying on hatchery-reared salmon and steelhead to supplement naturally wild populations, especially to count these hatchery-reared fish as part of an ESU's population for purposes of evaluating status under the ESA. The panel notes that the ESA requires recovery to naturally-sustaining levels, not simply maintaining survivability. The "supplementation fix" is currently much in vogue but the scientists aren't buying it: "The scientific justification for including hatchery fish in an ESU - - - is extremely weak."
Steelhead Kelts, the Columbia River System's Forgotten Fish, by Bill Baake, pages 8-10, Issue No. 51, May 2005. Author Baake's Native Fish Society has promoted research on steelhead kelt behavior and survival. The repeat spawner ratios are directly linked to the number of Columbia River system dams the adult fish must negotiate over their lifespans. More dams, fewer repeat spawners. Key Words: Evans, Wertheimer, Lower Granite Dam, Bonneville Dam, Kalama River, Yakima River, Salmon, Clearwater, Grande Ronde, Imnaha, Snake, Hendry, Dean River, Leider
More Steelhead Anglers Are Saying Goodbye to the Catch-and-Kill Ethic, by Mark Freeman, pages 11, 18, Issue No. 51, May 2005. Although the Umpqua River's harvest regulations allow keeping one wild steelhead per day (and an obscene five per season), some anglers are choosing to release all wild steelhead, even those large enough, say more than 20 pounds-to mount in the den. And not just fishers, but guides, too. It is a welcome trend. Key Words: Rob Ginno, Jim Dunlevy, Bill Baake,
Judge Rules that Government's Salmon Plan is Illegal - - - Again, pages 12, 13, Issue No. 51, May 2005. Federal Judge James Redden has again ruled against the government's plan to save Columbia/Snake salmon and steelhead populations. He denied the government's new position that Snake River dams are a natural condition of the river, criticized the science in the plan, scolded the Feds for ignoring habitat considerations and, finally, found NOAA's "jeopardy analysis" to be against the law (!) be failing to address prospects for ESA-required recovery of listed species. This was a major victory for conservationists who had sued NOAA on these very points. This report details the suit's assertions and the judge's mandates to the Feds to get it right.
Four Pacific Northwest Dams Whose Days are Numbered, by Jim Yuskavitch, pages 14-18, Issue No. 51, May 2005. Despite more than 100 years of dam building in the Pacific Northwest, and the public's general acceptance of new dams as "progress," four of them are now slated to be taken down. Each of the targeted dams blocks excellent habitat for steelhead. Not only will habitat eventually be re-visited by dam-free fish, there will accrue significant economic benefits in the affected regions. Finally, a win-win proposition for both fish and their human neighbors. Key Words: FERC, Elwha, Glines Canyon, Condit, Savage Rapids, Olympic National Park, Daishowa America, White Salmon, PacifiCorp, Yakima Nation
Turning Up the Heat, by Nathan Mantua and William Pearcy, pages 1, 4-6, Issue No. 50, January 2005. Two prominent scientist-researchers examine the likely impacts of global warming on West Coast steelhead and their habitat, and offer thoughtful and practical "small-step" solutions that may help save these fish despite global warming's inexorable impacts. The authors identify specific impacts from global warning on the steelhead life-cycle: spawning periods, instream rearing, smolt migration, marine survival/growth and spawning migration. Key Words: greenhouse effect, greenhouse gases, CO2, IPCC, Elwha River, Deschutes River, Climate Solutions
Warming Up to Global Warming, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 3, Issue No. 50, January 2005. Editor Yuskavitch points out that global warming should no longer be a "debate" among conservationists, especially steelhead enthusiasts. Major long-term weather pattern changes are likely on the way as are smaller-scale but important degradations in steelhead habitat.
The ESA, the Politics and the Courts, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 19, Issue No. 50, January 2005. In 2004 the federal government finally dropped its pretense of supporting the Endangered Species Act as the vehicle for saving threatened salmonid populations. NOAA Fisheries' new policy would call for both hatchery and wild salmonids to be counted within any ESU. Similarly, sea-run steelhead and resident rainbow trout are to be counted as the same fish, within any ESU. Both policy changes would ignore the best science available and likely will lead to more court challenges. Key Words: ESA, Critical Habitat, James Redden
More Thoughts on Global Warming, Steelhead and their Habitat, by Bill McMillan, page 7, Issue No. 50, January 2005. Author/biologist McMillan adds some additional specifics about the impacts of global warming on Northwest rivers that flow from desert climates to the Pacific Ocean: stream flow patterns (Rogue River, Or.), threats to adaptive capabilities, snowmelt regime changes, delayed migrations in Columbia/Snake systems and groundwater shortages on the Olympic Peninsula.
The Rainbow Trout-Steelhead Debate, Continued, by Dennis McEwan, Katie Perry, and Michael Lacy, Pages 8-12, Issue No. 50, January, 2005. The authors, anadromous salmonid biologists with the California Department of Fish & Game, write a persuasive argument against the inclusion of resident rainbow trout with migratory steelhead when determining numbers of salmonids in any given ESU, if those counts are used as justification for de-listing the fish from ESA protection. It is a serious issue, brought forward by irrigators and other land-use interests in California's Central Valley who seek ways to undo ESA-required (expensive) protective measures. Key Words: NOAA Fisheries, Zimmerman, Reeves, Babine, Sacramento River, Viable Salmonid Population, VSP,
Fish Advocates Lobby Calif. F&G to Protect Central Valley Steelhead, by Charles P. Bucaria, Sr., Page 13, Issue No. 50, January, 2005. The author is the director of the Northern California Council of the FFF and together with representatives of California Trout and Trout Unlimited is opposing the recommendation of CF&G's director to NOAA Fisheries that steelhead trout in the Central Valley ESU be delisted from ESA protection. Key Words: Sacramento River, Tom Weseloh, David Katz, Broderick, Shasta Dam
Petition Filed to Place Puget Sound Steelhead Under ESA Protection, by Jim Yuskavitch, Page 14, Issue No. 50, January 2005. Editor Yuskavitch explains the recent petition to NOAA Fisheries to list steelhead in the Puget Sound ESU as threatened. The petitioner is Sam Wright, a long-time wild fish advocate with 42 years' experience with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Wright, now retired, tells us why he filed the petition and the petition's key language is quoted.
Once Great Steelhead Rivers, Why Not Now?, by Pete Soverel, Page 15, Issue No. 50, January 2005. Former Steelhead Committee Chair Pete Soverel recounts past glory years on the Skykomish River, when he expected to catch fish on every outing and hooking ten or so in a day was not unusual. He sharply upbraids Washington state's current steelhead managers for their failure to do something about the problem. Instead of trying to learn the causes of the Sky's collapse (ditto many other, similar rivers), the managers simply close the rivers to fishing.
Better Than Natural?, by David R. Montgomery, Pages 16-18, Issue No. 50, January 2005. Prof. Montgomery is an internationally-recognized authority on the evolution of landscapes. Here he provides a useful history of hatchery practices, beginning in 19th century Scotland. Hatchery practices from then until now have followed two distinct paths: as "factories" with which to produce large numbers of juvenile fish, hoping that they will mature to more than offset ever-increasing fishing (mostly commercial) pressure, and, conversely, using hatcheries only to supplement already-degraded populations and help them revive naturally. Key Words: Scientific Review Team, Northwest Power Planning Council
A Tale of Two Rivers, by Peter Bahls. The Sol Duc, pages 1, 4-7; The John Day, pages 1, 8-11, Issue No. 49, September 2004. Comprehensive status reviews by a senior fish biologist on two major Northwest steelhead rivers, the Sol Duc in Washington and the John Day in Oregon. The author gives us a history of each, discusses current problems and appeals for specific and demanding monitoring regimens for the infamous Hs, harvest, habitat and harvest. (Hydropower is a minor issue, and only on the John Day.)
Key Words: Bogachiel, Quillayute, Olympic Peninsula, SASSI, WDFW, NOAA Fisheries, Snyder Creek, Chambers Creek, Warm Springs, ESU, Middle Fork John Day, MFJD, Columbia River Fishery Management Plan, CRFMP, Umatilla, BPA, BLM,
From the Perch - Editor's Message: The Minority Report, by Jim Yuskevitch, page 2, Issue No. 49, September 2004. The editor comments on the skillful but misleading presentations of those (including scientists who know better) who continue to present the hatchery v. wild discussion as ambiguous as to the adverse impacts of hatchery fish on wild ones. Time to get real, he insists.
Chair's Corner: The Rainbow Trout - Steelhead Debate, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 19, Issue No. 49, September 2004. An alarm-bell report on NOAA Fisheries' draft report intentions to lump hatchery and wild steelhead together in each of their ESUs, thereby providing "reason" to de-list the fish from ESA protection, as demanded by business-as-usual users of the land. Now irrigators in California are claiming that rainbow trout and steelhead are the same fish, that there are many of them and therefore they need no longer be protected by the ESA. Two new pressure points that seem to be influencing the Feds.
Key Words: Robert Behnke, Kathryn Kostow
Of Sea Lice and Salmon, by Alexandra Morton, pages 13. 14, Issue No. 49, September 2004. From a remote archipelago in British Columbia, the author chronicles the quiet explosion of sea-farmed Atlantic salmon in B.C. waters and the sea lice infestations, disease and pollution that come with them. All of this already well-known from North Europe experiences but ignored here. Alarming evidence of what this industry is doing to wild salmon and steelhead populations whose juveniles must traverse the pastures of these domestic herds.
Hatchery v. Wild Fish - What the Research Says, compiled by Bill Baake, Native Fish Society, page 15, Issue No. 49, September 2004. Five brief conclusions from as many respected experts about the adverse impacts of hatchery on wild steelhead.
California Wild Steelhead Victory (For Now), by Steve Mashuda and Norm Ploss, pages 16 - 17, Issue No. 49, September 2004. An update on the lawsuit brought by Califonia Central Valley irrigators against NOAA Fisheries, claiming the Feds were wrong when they failed to include hatchery steelhead and resident rainbow trout in their listing for ESA protection. Thus far the courts have sided with the fish but the "hold" is only temporary.
Key Words: Earthjustice, ESA, ESU, Alsea Valley, Oliver W. Wanger, Kaitlin Lovell, Trout Unlimited
Skagit Steelhead Revisited, by Bill McMillan, page 18, Issue No. 49, September 2004. The author responds to Washington State's senior Puget Sound steelhead manager. The two have exchanged differing points of view in the newsletter about historical numbers of wild fish in the Skagit and WDFW's present methods of establishing goals for returning spawning adults. McMillan's argument is that the state uses too-low numbers to "prove" that wild fish populations have always been lower than the they really were, to justify lower escapement goals for wild fish today.
Key Words: Curt Kraemer, Grandy Creek, Nate Mantua, Steve Conroy, Washington Trout
Sportfishing Paradise No More, A Tale of Three Oregon Rivers, by Hank Lacey, pages 1, 4-7, Issue No. 48, May 2004. A discussion of water diversion and dam issues in three of Oregon's major steelhead and salmon streams, the Deschutes, Klamath and Rogue rivers.
Key Words: Wild and Scenic River, Oregon Department of Water Resources, ODWR, Bob Hunter, Water Watch of Oregon, Pacificorp, COPCO, FERC, Rich Nawa, Lost Creek Dam, Savage Rapids Dam, Elk Creek Dam
From the Perch - Editor's Message: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 48, May 2004. A sampling of this issue's articles, including one about a worrisome NOAA Fisheries decision to lump wild and hatchery fish together when deciding whether or not to list under the ESA.
Chair's Corner: Where's the Science?, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 19, Issue No. 48, May 2004. NOAA Fisheries is considering a new "baseline" in its assessment of the health of fish stocks: no pre-dam histories need be considered. An the agency has announced it intends to include hatchery fish with wild when considering whether continued ESA protection is needed in a particular watershed, despite overwhelming scientific evidence that this is a recipe for disaster. More court cases are likely.
Key Words: Lichatowich, Mundy, Powell, Trout Unlimited, Robert Paine, Science
The Current Attack on ESA Listings: Alsea Valley Redux, by Michael Mayer, pages 8 - 11, Issue No. 48, May 2004. An Earthjustice attorney guides readers through the legal minefield surrounding NMFS/NOAA Fisheries' intention to include hatchery fish in all its decisions about continuing protection for previously-listed stocks under the ESA.
Key Words: Alsea Valley Alliance, ESU, Ninth Circuit, Biological Review Team
Landslide at Steelhead Haven, by Pat Stevenson, pages 12, 13, Issue No. 48, May 2004. A fisheries biologist for the Stillaguamish Tribe writes about the damaging impacts of huge landslides on the Stilly's North Fork and what might be done to address these problems.
Key Words: Deer Creek, Deforest Creek, Corps of Engineers, Snohomish County
The Thompson River and its Fabled Steelhead, by Art Lingren, pages 14 - 19, Issue No. 48, May 2004. Award-winning author Lingren writes about the catastrophic declines of returning adult wild steelhead in this renowned river. Dewatering of the Thompson's major tributaries, the nursery waters for its steelhead, is one of the major culprits. The road to recovery will be long and arduous.
A Bridge Between Research and Conservation in Washington State's Hoh River Basin, by John McMillan, James Starr and Dave Moskowitz, Wild Salmon Center, pages 1, 4 - 9, Issue No. 47, January 2004. These three young scientists have pulled off a monumental research effort by means of meticulous data review and yard-by-yard snorkel surveys of virtually the entire Hoh River system outside Olympic National Park (already protected). It is an on-going field project covering four years and 155 river miles. The goal is to identify, and then acquire control over, refugia -- discrete portions of the river which can then be protected from development and monitored regularly. It is the first refugia project in the Lower 48 and the article describes why its authors are optimistic about its long-range potential to ensure natural and pristine habitat for many Pacific salmonid species, including winter and summer steelhead.
Key Words: extinction, watershed, char, Chinook, coho, sockeye, monitor, floodplain, mainstem, redd, Winfield Creek, Elk Creek, South Fork Hoh, glacially carved valley, rearing, spawning
From the Perch - Editor's Message: Can National Fish Refuges Save Salmon?, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 47, January 2004. A preview of the issue's pieces on Olympic Peninsula wild steelhead, elaborating on the refuge concept which is driving the plans of the Wild Salmon Center and Western Rivers Conservancy to acquire and protect critical reaches of the Hoh basin.
Key Words: Olympic Peninsula, San Diego County, National Park Service, Southern California
Chair's Corner: Some Thoughts on the Endangered Sp[ecies Act, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 18, Issue No. 47, January 2004. Chairman Redman provides a brief and clarifying review of recent legal actions involving ESA-listed West Coast populations, pending court reviews and NOOA Fisheries actions. He also offers - for reader consideration and response -- a Steelhead Committee draft policy statement on behalf of FFF, which replies to recent legal challenges which would de-list populations on the basis of abundant hatchery fish presence.
Key Words: evolutionarily significant unit, ESU, Federation of Fly Fishers, Wild Steelhead Coalition, Trout Unlimited, Native Fish Society, Washington Trout, American Rivers, National Wildlife Federation, Isaac Walton League, National Marine Fisheries Service, Judge Hogan, Ninth Circuit Court
Olympic National Park: Contradictions Between Wild Steelhead Conservation and Harvest, by Charles St. Pierre, Steelhead Committee, pages 10 - 11, Issue No. 47, January 2004. Author St. Pierre laments the inconsistencies of Olympic National Park fishing regulations compared to those of other jurisdictions which protect wild steelhead. Within ONP, wild steelhead harvest and "traditional" terminal gear are still legal on the Queets River, most of which flows within the Park.. Park managers explain that it is an issue of "foregone opportunity," i.e., fish not harvested by the fishing public will be taken by the tribes, per the Boldt decision of 1974.
Key Words: Queets River, NPS, Theodore Roosevelt, George Perkins Marsh, John Muir, James Wickersham, Stephen T. Mather, Mt. Olympus, Antiquities Act, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson
Survival on the Edge: The Plight of San Mateo Creek Steelhead, by Tim E. Hovey, California Department of Fish and Game, pages 12 - 16, Issue No. 47, January 2004. Hovey's account reads like an adventure story, documenting the miraculous tenacity of steelhead trout in this most-southern of all U.S. steelhead habitat. Hovey and his volunteers have been counting fish numbering in single digits, fish without an open passage to the ocean.
Key Words: Devil Canyon, Riverside County, Cleveland National Forest, mitochondria dna, mtdna, haplotype, mys5, snorkel, Darren Bergen, Jenny O'brien, Camp Pendleton, Walt Wilson, monitor
Another View of Skagit River Steelhead, by Curt Kraemer, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, pages 17, 19, Issue No. 47, January 2004. Kraemer is the lead biologist/manager for Puget Sound steelhead rivers and the Skagit River is among his charges. This piece is a rejoinder to Bill McMillan's article in Issue No. 46, September 2003, which was critical of WDF&W management of the Skagit. Kraemer provides a contrasting view of historical wild run return sizes and explains the managers' plight, given policy and budget limiting factors.
Key Words: winter, deShazo, MSY, bull trout, sea-run cutthroat, restoration, Baker River, Ros, Diablo, Gorge, SC, Seattle City Light
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When Hatchery Steelhead Spawn in the Wild, by Jennifer McLean, University of British Columbia, pages 1, 4 - 7, Issue No. 46, September 2003. Dr. McLean summarizes a major portion of her PhD work at the University of Washington's School of Fisheries in the mid-1990s. In collaboration with the Forks Creek hatchery in southwest Washington, McLean examined the spawning success rates and juvenile-to-adult survival rates of inter-mixed hatchery and wild steelhead over a two year period. The research was unique because hatchery fish had never been in Forks Creek prior to the beginning of the project and because current DNA sampling techniques allowed the author to follow the "success stories" of each returning adult fish. The results were remarkably informative, supporting what wild fish advocates have been saying for many years.
Key Words: over-harvest, habitat degradation, hatchery propagation, University of Washington, genetic interaction, genetic effect, interbreeding, hatchery adult, hatchery smolt, hatchery-wild hatchery-origin, genetic difference, domestic inbreeding outbreeding, variation production, competition, domestication, Bogachie, Chambers Creek, Atlantic salmon, parents
From the Perch - Editor's Message: Looking to the Past for a Better Futurel, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 46, September 2003. The editor previews the contents of Issue No. 46, noting its fortuitous collection of articles covering past and present experiences with wild steelhead, all pointing to a better future - if politicians and managers will only take advantage of the knowledge and experience we now have at our disposal.
Chair's Corner: Columbia River Bi-Op Lawsuit Update, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 19, Issue No. 46, September 2003. Chairman Redman reviews the latest ingredients in the complex lawsuit brought by plaintiffs (including FFF) against NOAA Fisheries. Judge James A. Redden ordered that NOAA Fisheries' biological opinion for recovery of ESA-listed steelhead violates the ESA and must be re-written. The judge's orders require a strict time table for compliance and leave on the table for future negotiation the removal of four lower Snake River dams.
Key Words: Federal Columbia River Power System, BiOp, RPA, Reasonable and Prudent Alternative, Idaho, Governor Dirk Kempthorne, Fred Disheroon, extinction analysis, Todd True, Earth Justice Legal Defense Fund, Yakima Nation, Bonneville Power Administration, Columbia basin, Tim Weaver, Endangered Species Act, remand, biop
Ralph Wahl Remembered, by Steve Raymond, pages 8, 9, Issue No. 46, September 2003. Seattle Times veteran editor/manager and outdoor writer Raymond offers an intimate reminiscence of Ralph Wahl, based on many one-on-one fishing experiences with one of the Pacific Northwest's genuine steelhead fisher icons. Wahl, who was also a fine writer and photographer, died in 1996 at age 90, leaving behind an indelible mark on the sport and Raymond was within his inner circle of fishing friends.
Key Words: Bellingham, One Man's Steelhead Shangri-La, The Year of the Angler, The Year of the Trout, Steelhead Country, Rivers of the Heart, Blue Upright, The Lyons Press, Roderick Haig-Brown Award, Enos Bradner, Peterhope Lake, Tommy Brayshaw, Wahlflower, Lady Godiva, photography, The Flyfishe,r Come Wade the Rive, A River Never Sleeps, Day Creek, Whatcom Museum of History and Art, Flyfisher, Come Wade the River, photo, photography
Skagit River Winter Steelhead - Their Past, Present and Future, by Bill McMillan, Washington Trout, pages 10 - 16, Issue No. 46, September 2003. McMillan, a thirty-year veteran steelhead field biologist and writer, uses Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife data to document the plight of Skagit River winter steelhead. Washington's third-largest river, the Skagit once was one of the most productive steelhead streams on the West Coast. In 1999-2000 season the numbers of returning adults began to crash and the Skagit's managers responded by simply reducing the escapement goals. McMillan criticizes this approach as irresponsible management because it dodges the responsibility for fixing the problems that caused the crash: lower the escapement goal and declare "no problem." His data show that increased hatchery plants have not resulted in increased harvest numbers, yet the managers continue to push for more hatchery capacity in the Skagit system.
Key Words: La Conner, Hamilton, Pioneer Museum, Skagit County, Mount Vernon, Washington Steelhead Symposium, Bob Gibbons, Bob Leland, Treaty Tribes, Pete Castle, catch-and-release, Chuck Phillips, Skagit System Cooperative, Swinomish, Sauk, Suiattle, Newhalem, Baker Rive,r Geological Survey, USGS, Whitechuck, Cascade, Day, Finney, Grandy Creek, rearing pond, WDG, Washington Department of Game, Satsop, Marblemount, McMichael, Rockport, Conner, Pflug, SCL, harvest summaries, Misha Skopets, Baker River, Concrete, Puget Sound Energy, PSE, Barnaby Sloug, logjams, catch-and-release, WDFW, Skagit Valley Herald, North Pacific Rim, Newkemchamps, Bacon, overharvest, Hatchery Planting Summaries, O. mykiss, Seattle City Light, Johnstone Straight, Ireland, Scotland, Vancouver Island, Malcolm Greenhalgh, Georgia Straight, Baker Dam, Barnaby Slough
Ralph Wahl on the Skagit, by Ralph Wahl, page 17, Issue No. 46, September 2003. A re-print of Wahl's essay, written exclusively for The Osprey in 1994 (Issue No. 22, September). Wahl was 88 when he wrote this piece, having fished for nearly 60 years. He well recalls and describes an event that happened 55 years earlier, when fishing was really fishing.
Key Words: Field and Stream Awards, Golden Years, Skagit, Ray Bergman
NOAA Fisheries Extends Steelhead ESA Status Review, Issue No. 46, September 2003. A brief notice of NOAA Fisheries' decision to delay until March 2004 changing and/or adding additional ESUs to the endangered/threatened lists for salmon and steelhead. Current status categories for West Coast steelhead are shown.
Key Words: Upper Columbia River Steelhead, Southern California Steelhead, Central California Valley Steelhead, Snake River Basin Steelhead, Middle Columbia River Steelhead, Lower Columbia River Steelhead, Upper Willamette River Steelhead, Northern California Steelhead, Central California Coast Steelhead, South-Central California Coast Steelhead, Oregon Coast Steelhead, Olympic Peninsula Steelhead, Puget Sound Steelhead, Klamath Mountains Province Steelhead, Evolutionarily Significant Unit, endangered, threatened Download Issue 46
Rising in Defense of California Central Valley Wild Steelhead, by Norm Ploss, Chair, Northern California Council, FFF, pages 1, 4 - 6, Issue No. 45, May 2003. NOAA Fisheries has listed as threatened the wild steelhead which comprise part of the Central Valley California ESU. A group of irrigators is suing NOAA Fisheries over the listing, claiming that because relatively abundant hatchery steelhead and resident rainbow trout are part of the same ESU, the government is inconsistent and wrong, per the earlier Judge Hogan ruling in Oregon. FFF's Northern California Council has signed on as a co-defendant with NOAA Fisheries, to argue in court that the ESA protections should stand.
Key Words: Central Valley, California, San Joaquin, Sierra Nevada, Merced, Tuolumne, Stanislaus, Calaveras, Yosemite, NOAA Fisheries, Fresno, Kings, Madera, Mariposa Tulare, Ferroggiaro, Stockton Record, ESU, ESA, Zolezzi, Michael Hogan, Northern California Delta Fly Fishers, Trout Unlimited, Center for Biological Diversity, Woodbridge River Company, Pacific Rivers Council, Jeff Miller, Kaitlin Lovell, Bureau of Reclamation, NCCFFF, Mashuda, Earthjustice
From the Perch -- Editor's Message: Fish Justice, by Jim Yuskevitch, page 2, Issue No. 45, May 2003. Editor Yuskevitch pens a well-deserved plug for the environmental attorneys who forego the riches of big-firm law practice in order to defend against legal actions taken by developers and others to gut ESA protections of wild salmonids. Chief among these is Earthjustice, formerly the Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund.
Letters to the Editor, page 2, Issue No. 45, May 2003. Don Barnes, president of Columbia Basin Fly Casters, appeals for a broader and more hospitable coverage of competing views in the pages of The Osprey.
Chair's Corner: Rivers, Water, Steelhead and Dams, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 19, Issue No. 45, May 2003. Chairman Redman describes the increasing political pressures to reduce dam-controlled water flow levels during spring downstream migration periods on the Columbia River system. Utilities, power users and irrigators contribute. Recent better than usual ocean conditions have helped adult returns despite poor out-migration conditions. Downstream barging seems to help most when drought conditions produce springtime low water out-migration levels coupled with more-than-usual water diverted for power production.
Key Words: Northwest Power and Conservation Council, NOAA Fisheries, Independent Scientific Advisory Board, ISAB, WDOE, Pasco, Kennewick, Richland, PacificCorp, Yakima River, Bonneville Power Administration, BPA, Snake River, riparian restoration, habitat restoration, dam removal
Dispelling some Myths About Hatcheries, by Robin S. Waples, NOAA Fisheries, pages 7 - 11, Issue No. 45, May 2003. The author identifies and examines six myths about hatcheries: They are inherently bad (or good), better management can avoid hatchery risks, hatcheries always have unintended and bad effects on natural populations, objections to hatcheries are theoretical and without empirical basis, good monitoring will ensure hatchery program success. Waples is persuasive in showing that most arguments about hatcheries fail to define goals and that often hatchery programs are run without adequately-defined goals. Cost-benefit analyses would help guide policy decisions and managers need to deal more effectively with the inevitable uncertainties of their programs and decisions.
Key Words: Conservation Biology, hatcheries, artificl propagation, Kapuscinski, Miller, Maynard, Compton, Campton, domestication selection, nonrandom sampling, Busack, Currens, Allendorf, Geiger, myth, Hard, Founder Effect, Quinn, homing, straying, Grant, Incerpi, Rensel
Columbia River Tangle Net Fishery, by Mark McCollister, Oregon Trout, pages 12 - 15, Issue No. 45, May 2003. A report on the first tangle net fishery on the lower Columbia River in spring 2003. Tangle nets, in theory, allow commercial fishers to release unharmed wild spring Chinook and co-mixed wild steelhead as they target lower and upriver Columbia hatchery Chinook salmon. The author describes the technical problems related to mesh size, net-caused mortality, inaccurate predictions of hatchery and wild temporal spacing and others. The lower Columbia commercial fishery (for Chinook) depends on solutions to these problems and the initial results pose as many questions as answers.
The Federal Government is Failing Wild Snake River Salmon & Steelhead, by Bert Bowler and Jenna Borovansky, Idaho Rivers United, pages 16 - 18, Issue No. 45, May 2003. All wild populations of salmon and steelhead native to the Snake River are on the Endangered Species List. Yet the federal government refuses to take seriously the science-supported evidence that removal of the Snake's four lower dams is the best alternative available. Instead, habitat improvement is the preferred emphasis, notwithstanding that huge areas of pristine habitat exist in the upper Snake drainage and are unused because there are not enough fish to find them.
Key Words: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Salmon Report Card, Idaho Rivers, Salmon Planning Act, Clean Water Act, Redden, Idaho Wildlife Federation, Sierra Club, Trout Unlimited, Federation of Fishermen's Association
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Farming Uncertainty in Coastal British Columbia, by John P. Volpe, University of Alberta, pages 1, 6 - 8, Issue No. 44, January 2003. The discovery of "wild" Atlantic salmon in British Columbia streams, presumably offspring of near-by ocean fish-farming escapees, has intensified the debate about fish farming threats to wild salmonids. Steelhead, especially, are at risk because their wild populations have plummeted, leaving large amounts of habitat to be invaded by the newcomers. Not enough is known to make goodpolicy for fixing this problem.
Key Words: Steelhead Society of British Columbia, Cowichan River, Fraser River, Vancouver Island, colonization, alevin, Salmon Enhancement Program, SE,P juvenile rearing habitat, aquaculture, net-pen nets, Keogh River, Office of Environmental Assessment, EAO, Salmon Aquaculture Review, SAR, Atlantic Salmon Watch Program, ASWP, predation, cages, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, Bearing Sea, Provincial Ministry of Environment, Habitat Conservation Trust Fund, snorkel, agonism, Devlin, cryopreserved sperm, hybridization
From the Perch -- Editor's Message: Salar the Invader, by Jim Yuskevitch, page 2, Issue No. 44, January 2003. The editor speaks of his personal experiences with Atlantic salmon, "back East." Wild populations there are threatened by escaped farmed Atlantics, and the threat is similar in Pacific Northwest waters - for wild steelhead.
Letters to the Editor, page 2, Issue No. 44, January 2003. Concerned comments about West Coast fish farming and an attaboy for Issue No. 43.
Chair's Corner: What Role Should Hatchery Fish Have in ESA Listings?, by Bill Redman, page 3 - 5, Issue No. 44. January 2003. This article reviews the major arguments presented by the 1996 "Upstream" report, still the most authoritative and undisputed scientific foundation for limited-hatchery policies. Redman's review is particularly relevant in view of the Hogan decision which has required NMFS to walk a thin line as it tries to respond to the judge's ESA delisting order (Oregon coastal coho) and at the same time follow the science it knows to be sound.
Key Words: John Cobb, National Marine Fisheries Service, NMFS, Endangered Species Act, Evolutionarily Significant Unit, ESU, James Johnson, Common Sense Salmon Recovery, Trout Unlimited, Kaitlin Lovell, National Research Council, Upstream, bioregional plan, Jim Lichatowich, Salmon Without Rivers, mixed-population fishery, domestication, demographic risk, artificial selection, behavior, disease physiology, spawning timing, carcasses, carrying capacity, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, William Pearcy, competition monitoring, T. A. Flagg
Hatchery/Wild Steelhead Interactions, by Curt Kraemer, Washington Dept of Fish and Wildlife, pages 9 - 12, Issue No. 44, January 2003. The author, a longtime management biologist for Washington State steelhead, examines - from his perspective - the five principal issues challenging the fish and their managers: over fishing, masking wild population status, predation, competition and genetic impacts. He concludes that habitat issues are more important even than these five.
Key Words: supplementation, enhancement, marked, unmarked, hooking mortality, run timing, hatchery/wild impacts, native brood stocks, Pied Piper effect, Chambers Creek, spawning overlap
Cooperative Compliance in the Walla Walla River Basin, interview with Mike Bireley, pages 13 - 16, Issue No. 44, January 2003. A veteran of water wars talks about his experiences in getting local community interests to cooperate with agency program managers, rather than trying to act the enforcer. He likes the model as a better way to develop natural resource protection and management leadership.
Key Words: Blue Mountains, fish screens, Washington Waterwatch, Center for Environmental Law & Policy, Bruce Bjork, enforcement, Walla Walla Basin, bull trout, hydraulics code, Bill Neve, water law, Methow, Ephrata, Klamath Basin, Peter Block, Cost Share Program
Governor, Don't Let It Happen On Your Watch, by Stan Young, Steelhead Committee, pages 17 -- 19, Issue No. 44, January 2003. Veteran steelhead fly fisher and committee founder, Stan Young recalls some of his personal experiences on rivers and his observations of the steady decline of wild steelhead, recalling the incremental bad influences of human "progress" on the fish. A thoughtful appeal to Governor Locke and WDFW director Koenings to get the job done, and soon, lest the fish be lost forever.
Key Words: Boldt Decision, commercial fishing, dams, Zane Grey, Sid Glasso, Walt Johnson, Enos Bradner, Roderick Haig-Brown, old-growth forests, Atlantic salmon, logging, commercial netting, Jeff Koenings, Gary Locke
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Seas of Change: Can We Save Wild Steelhead and Salmon By Predicting Ocean Conditions?, by Nathan Mantua, University of Washington, page 1, 5 - 9, Issue No. 43, September 2002. A climate expert explains some of the difficulties in forecasting ocean and climate conditions, their impact on the ocean environment for salmonids and why reliable long-range predictions are not possible. Fisheries policy and regulation makers need to better understand and respond to these realities.
Key Words: rhythms, drought, flood, Bill Pearcy, El Niño, tropics, Logerwell, Jim Lichatowich Jeffrey Haymes
How Many Fish Can the Ocean Hold?, by William Pearcy, Oregon State University, pages 1,
10 - 13, Issue No. 43, September 2002. Many studies have shown that there are indeed limits to how many salmonids can thrive in their ocean homes. The latter-year releases of millions of hatchery salmonids likely exacerbates the problem by artificially increasing fish densities and demands on limited food supplies. Managers should take account of the uncertainties about future ocean conditions when they plan yearly hatchery releases.
Key Words: carrying capacity, density, dependence, Bristol Bay, Randall Peterman, Fraser River, Greg Ruggerone, Kerim Aydin, biomass, Pacific Ocean, Prince William Sound, Tom Nickelson, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Phil Levin, Prince William Sound, California Current System, El Niño, global warming
From the Perch - Editor's Message: Ocean Lovers Special, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 43, September 2002. In this Issue No.author-experts Mantua and Pearcy discuss the current hot topic, "ocean conditions" as applied to "good" and "bad" anadromous fish returns. While a better understanding of what's going on in the ocean is very helpful, we need to remember that what goes on in our rivers is just as important: "Anadromy is a two-way street."
Letters to the Editor, page 2, Issue No. 43, September 2002. In response to another reader's letter, former Steelhead Committee chair Pete Soverel takes off on "good-old-boy, white, tax-paying, American males." Their North American environmental record, over just a few generations, has been far worse than their "brown, un-washed cousins" elsewhere.
Chair's Corner: Potpourri of Persistence, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 4, Issue No. 43, September 2002. Brief updates on: NMFS' reaction to the Hogan decision requiring hatchery fish to be counted as part of an ESU; several dam removal proposals; interagency fighting over Klamath River flow levels; unlogged forest economic benefits; pesticide impacts and global warming.
Key Words: ESA, listing, ESU, virus, Bonneville Hatchery, Native Fish Society, Washington Trout, Condit Dam, Washougal River, PacifiCorp, Skamania, Klickitat, John Kitzhaber, Elk Creek, Greg Walden, Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Forest Service
EPA Ordered to Protect Salmon from Pesticides, page 4, Issue No. 43, September 2002. A federal judge orders the EPA to prevent pesticide use where groundwater contamination can be shown to threaten fish habitats.
Key Words: Earthjustice, Patti Goldman, U.S. Geological Survey
Terminal Gear and Steelhead Sport Fishery Management, by Bob Hooton, British Columbia Ministry of Lands, Environment and Parks, pages 14 - 16, Issue No. 43, September 2002. The author, who probably has done more research on steelhead hooking mortality than anyone else, clarifies some commonly-held misunderstandings about often-used B.C. studies and explores the Issue No.further through more recent experiences.
Key Words: bait restriction, mortality rate, artificial lure, flies, Keogh River, Vancouver Island, CPUE, Atlantic salmon
Managing Washington's Wild Steelhead by Closure, by Pete Soverel, Steelhead Committee, pages 17 - 19, Issue No. 43, September 2002. Washington's fish managers have opted to protect wild winter-run steelhead by closing most of the rivers that support them during the time of maximum fishing opportunity, mid-March to end-April. Soverel argues persuasively that this is exactly the wrong way to go and proposes thoughtful alternatives that would increase angling opportunity and still protect the fish.
Key Words: Georgia Basin, gear/method restrictions, Skykomish River, Deer Creek, harvest tags, demonstration project, catch-and-release, angling opportunity, monitoring Download Issue 43
Klamath Basin Water Wars De-mystified, by Steve Pedery, WaterWatch of Oregon, pages 1, - 9, Issue No. 42, May 2002. Competing interests of every shade battle for their "rightful" share of decreasing water supplies in the once-abundant Klamath Basin. Including a short history of the area, the article clarifies the positions, claims and actions of the competing groups, all the more needful of understanding in very low water years.
Key Words: Klamath River Basin, Klamath Irrigation Project, Upper Klamath Lake, Lower Klamath Lake, National Wildlife Refuge, Lost River, shortnose suckers, Wild and Scenic River, Shasta, Scott River, Adrian Witcraft, The Oregonian, Klamath Tribes, Endangered Species Act, Qapdo C'wam, Iron Gate Dam, Yurok Karuk Hoopa, Fort Bragg, Coos Bay Federation of Fishermen's Associations, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, NMFS, Bob Hunter, National Academy of Sciences, Link River
From the Perch -- Editor's Message: Back to the Future, by Jim Yuskavitch, page 2, Issue No. 42, May 2002. A commentary on commentators who complain about wild-fish advocates and others who seek to save what little we have left.
Letters to the Editor, page 2, Issue No. 42, May 2002. Readers' comment on previous articles about inexorable (and devastating) population growth and fish managers' dilemma over telling the public the unvarnished (and devastating) truth.
Chair's Corner: NMFS Regroups, Retreats, by Bill Redman, pages 3, 4, Issue No. 42, May 2002. An update on NMFS' reaction to Judge Hogan's ruling that wild Oregon Coastal Coho cannot be listed as threatened under the ESA, because of the presence of hatchery Coho within the same ESU. NMFS chose not to challenge the ruling, leaving that up to conservation groups. Other recent NMFS decisions raise serious questions about its real commitment to sustaining wild fish populations.
Key Words: National Academy of Sciences, Upstream, Patti Goldman, EarthJustice, Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, National Association of Home Buildings, NAHB, Independent Scientific Advisory Group, Northwest Power Planning Council, Essential Fish Habitat, Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation Act, Bob Lohn
My Little River, by Doug Schaad, pages 10 - 12, Issue No. 42, May 2002. Conservationist-author Schaad shares some of the secrets of "his" small, Oregon-coast steelhead river, which he and his father have been protecting for many years. Eye-witness accounts of near-destruction and now-healing, helped along by fifty years of TLC.
Key Words: culverts, Oregon, Coast Range, Enos Bradner, road abandonment
Planning for Endangered Species, Clean Water and Quality of Life in the Urban Landscape, by Mike Houck, Audubon Society of Portland, pages 13 - 16, Issue No. 42, May 2002. An account of an unusual project: The city of Portland's efforts to maintain healthy stream environments and other natural habitats within its boundaries - and the considerable opposition thereto with which it must deal.
Key Words: Coalition for a Livable Future, River Renaissance and Clean River Plan, Defenders of Wildlife, Columbia Region Association of Governments, Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge, Powell Butte Nature Park, Arnold Creek, Metro, Healthy Portland Streams, Environmental Conservation Zone
Pesticides and Pacific Salmon, by Pollyanna Lind, Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides, pages 17 - 19, Issue No. 42, May 2002. The dangers to fish-bearing streams of widespread use of pesticides is well-known. The EPA and other responsible agencies must do a lot more to regulate and reduce the threat.
Key Words: insecticide, diazinon, fungicide, rodenticide, Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides, Washington Toxics Coalition, Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Associations, U.S. Geological Survey, USGS, Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, NMFS, Clean Water for Salmon Network Download Issue 42
Issue No. 41, January 2002, pages 1, 5 - 7. A measured but scathing review of federal agencies' failure to follow agreed-to recovery plans for Columbia and Snake River salmon and steelhead, made worse by record-breaking drought and low river flows during critical out-migration months.
Key Words: Independent Scientific Advisory Board, Rick Williams, Bonneville Power Administration, barges, trucks, Trout Unlimited, out-migration, Congress, Northwest Power Planning Council, Clean Water Act, Army Corps of Engineers, Jim McDermott, Salmon Planning Act, HR2573, HR 2573, Save Our Wild Salmon, Hogan, Goldsborough Dam, Savage Rapids Dam, Rogue River, Grant County, Public Utility District
From the Perch - Editor's Message: Defending the Homeland, by Jim Yuskevitch, Issue No. 41, January 2002, page 2. A thoughtful reflection on the tensions between winning the post-9-11 war on terrorism and maintaining a strong national conservation ethic, with Teddy Roosevelt as the standard of measure.
Key Words: Gale Norton, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, oil drilling, Theodore Roosevelt, George W. Bush, Gifford Pinchot, John Muir
Chair's Corner: Pacific Rim Wild Salmon & Steelhead Conference, by Bill Redman, Issue No. 41, January 2002, pages 3, 4. A concise, useful summary of major presentations at the Wild Salmon Center's conference in Portland, Oregon. The expert presenters found remarkable agreement and common cause for the alarming declines in salmon and steelhead stocks across the entire Rim, from Japan to California.
Key Words: Wild Salmon Center, Pacific Rim, stock status, population life history, Dan Bottom, Pacific Decadal Oscillation, maximum sustained yield, Nate Mantua, Nathan Mantua, monitoring, Jeff Rodgers, nutrients, Jeff Cederholm, Jack Stanford, Flathead Lake Biological Station, hatcheries, supplementation, Leggett Report
The Hogan Decision and Its Implications, by Patti Goldman, Earthjustice Legal Defense Foundation, Issue No. 41, January 2002, pages 8 - 12. Federal Judge Michael Hogan's decision that Oregon coastal coho salmon are the same -- whether wild or from hatcheries -- has spilled a wash of confusion and dismay over the Western environmental community. Author Goldman, the attorney who will lead the appeal of Hogan's decision, explains the particulars.
Key Words: Pacific Legal Foundation, Ninth Circuit, National Marine Fisheries Service, NMFS, ESA, Alsea Valley, Fall Creek, ODFW, Oregon Natural Resources Council, ONRC, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, delisting, Distinct Population Segment, DSP, Trout Unlimited, Kitzhaber, hatchery, wild
Hatchery and Wild Steelhead Catch Rates Differ, by Bill Bakke, Native Fish Society, Issue No. 41, January 2002, page 13. Using data from 1974 onward, the author shows that Deschutes River (Oregon) steelhead catch rates differ according to whether the fish are wild or from hatcheries, with wild fish "performing" better than their hatchery cousins. The data also show alarming declines in wild returns in the 1990s, coincidentally with massive increases in numbers of planted and returning hatchery fish.
Key Words: catch rate, Sherars Falls, Kalama, Mark Chilcote
Recovery of Status Quo? The North Umpqua Settlement, by Jeff Dose, Issue No. 41, January 2002, pages 14, 15. An account of re-licensing the North Umpqua Hydroelectric Project, a behind-the-scenes process which excluded citizen and independent science input, declined a sensible dam-removal opportunity, and substituted small management tweaking for genuine, helpful change.
Key Words: hydropower, National Forest, Wild and Scenic River, PacifiCorp, Scottish Power, Steamboaters, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Rock Creek, Slide Creek, Soda Springs Dam, NMFS, ODFW, USFWS
Defending Reality, by Robert T. Lackey, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Issue No. 41, January 2002, pages 16, 17. A veteran fisheries biologist claims that irresistible upward population trends in the Pacific Northwest, and the societal attitudes of these populations, ensure that wild salmon populations will disappear, as we know them, within the 21st century. The scientists know and admit this - to each other. Should they alert (alarm) the public, or remain neutral and relatively quiet?
The Male Steelhead Hypothesis, by Bill McMillan, Washington Trout, pages 18 - 19, Issue No. 41, January 2002, pages 18, 19. An examination of run-timing assumptions in fish management agencies. March 15 is the arbitrary cut-off for Washington state managers: By definition fish spawning earlier are "hatchery" and later are "wild." The author's experiences say otherwise, that the assumption is a flawed one that does not allow for frequent hatchery/wild cross-breeding and the survivability issues that come with it.
Key Words: Winkler Creek, Washougal River, Slough Creek, spawning, spawn timing, male, female
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Washington's Forests and Fish Report, by Peter Goldman, Washington Forest Law Center, Issue No. 40, September 2001, pages 1, 4-6. Goldman shows how the heavily-advertised Forests and Fish Report is a politically-motivated deal with the state. Its supporting TV and newspaper ads deliberately misinform the public about the "saving efforts" of the logging industry.
Key Words: Washington Forest Protection Association, WFPA, Forests & Fish Forever, Forest Practices Act, logging, Joint Natural Resources Cabinet, JNRC, Timber Fish and Wildlife, TFW, Forest Practices Board, Washington Environmental Council, WEC, National Audubon Society, NMFS, EPA, timber industry Forest Ecosystem Assessment Team, FEMAT, ManTech, riparian buffer, steep slopes, State Environmental Policy Act, SEPA, watershed analysis, Northwest Forest Plan, Clean Water Act
From the Perch - Editor's Message: The Issues of Autumn, by Jim Yuskavitch, Issue No. 40, September 2001, page 2. A brief review of the issue's articles.
Letters to the Editor, Issue No. 40, September 2001, page 2. Jack de Yonge applauds the applicability of Gayeski's article (Issue No. 39) to MSY (mis) management of Skagit River steelhead.
Chair's Corner: Make Escapement, Not Harvest, Top Priority, by Bill Redman Issue No. 40, September 2001, pages 3, 19. A well-argued plea for constituent pressure on Washington's Fish and Wildlife Commission to enact year-round no-kill regulations on wild steelhead.
Key Words: Maximum Sustained Yield, MSY, Sam Wright, Nick Gayeski, catch and release
Since the Beginning of Time, by Carol Craig, Yakima Nation, Issue No. 40, September 2001, pages 7 - 9. A tribal perspective on managing Columbia River system salmon with judicious hatchery supplementation programs.
Key Words: Nchi-wana, Allen Slickpoo, Nez Perce, Washat, Jay Minthorn, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, CRITFC, Yakima, Warm Springs, Umatilla, Randy Settler, Delbert Frank, Colville, Entiat, Leavenworth, Methow, Winthrop, Wenatchee, Peshastin
Thompson River Troubles, by Greg Gordon, B.C. Federation of Fly Fishers, Issue No. 40, September 2001, pages 10, 11. A review of the Thompson River's steelhead history and the many factors leading to worrisome declines in numbers of returning adult fish.
Key Words: Arthur Lingren, River Journal Thompson River, Nicola, Deadman, Bonaparte, British Columbia, Fraser, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, FOC, Steelhead Society, aboriginal, resistivity counter, Keogh River, Kamloops, Spences Bridge, Lambert, Ministry of Environment, MELP
Challenging NMFS' 2000 Biological Opinion, by Aaron Courtney, Pacific Environmental Advocacy Center, Issue No. 40, September 2001, pages 12, 13. An environmental lawyer's explanation of why the FFF and others are challenging in court the NMFS's 2000 Biological Opinion, a key ingredient in federal dam and waterway management.
Key Words: Endangered Species Act, ESA Columbia, Snake River dams, NMFS, Federal Columbia River Power System, FCRPS, Ice Harbor, Lower Monumental, Little Goose, Lower Granite, Malcom Marsh, 2000 BiOp, reasonable and prudent alternative, RPA
The East Fork Lewis, River at Risk, by Cindy Morgan, Friends of the East Fork, Issue No. 40, September 2001, pages 14-15, 19. A description of the un-dammed Columbia River tributary's history, its future now threatened by, inter alia, a huge gravel mine.
Key Words: Gifford Pinchot National Forest, SlideCreek, Green Fork, Habitat Conservation Plan, Gary Loomis, Fish First, Marty Sherman, Kurt Beardslee, Washington Trout, Dan Rawding, Steve VanderPloeg, Clark-Skamania Fly Fishers, Daybreak Park, Lockwood Creek, Richard Dyrland, John Sowinski
Out, Damn Dam!, by John Sowinski, Clark-Skamania Flyfishers, Issue No. 40, September 2001, pages 16-17. A history of conservationists' efforts to remove a dam from Trout Creek, a tributary of Washington state's Wind River.
Key Words: Gifford Pinchot National Forest Hemlock Dam Hemlock Reservoir Shipherd Falls Hemlock Lake Yakima Indian Nation
Reflections of a Political Scientist, by John Sager, Issue No. 40, September 2001, pages 18-19. A Steelhead Committee veteran reminisces about 20 years of steelhead fly fishing and wild fish conservation efforts.
Key Words: Washington Fly Fishing Club, WFFC, Jack de Yonge, John Callahan, Rattlesnake Creek, "Steelhead Bob" York, Elochoman River, Green River, Kalama River, Gobar Creek, Carbon River, Hoko River, Kamchatka, Wild Salmon Center, Pete Soverel
Still Upstream: Columbia and Snake River Salmon and Steelhead Recovery, by Pat Ford, Save Our Wild Salmon Coalition, Download Issue 40
Maximum Sustainable Yield: A Formula for Overharvest? , by Nick Gayeski, Issue No. 39 - May 2001, Pages 1, 5-9; A detailed and critical examination of the MSY model for wild steelhead management with attention to risk-averse regimes for escapement and harvest.
Key Words: Washington Trout, age, size, class, density dependence, stock-recruit relationship, Quillayute, Ricker Equation, Beaverton-Holt, sub-stock, Skagi, Hoh, Queets
From the Perch -- Editor's Message: Why MSY and Where's the Water?; by Jim Yuskavitch. Issue No. 39 - May 2001, Page 2; a preview of articles in the issue.
Letters to the Editor A Few Good Attaboys. Issue No. 39 - May 2001, Pages 2, 19. Favorable comments on recent articles.
Chair's Corner: Fish Out of Water, by Bill Redman; Issue No. 39 - May 2001, Pages 3-4, 18; Drought, power demands, regulations, agency rigidity, inadequate dam spills, competing interests - the fish seem to come last in the Columbia River system.
Key Words: BPA, drought, Stephen J. Wright, Portland Oregonian, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Power Act, Northwest Power Planning Council, Larry Cassidy, Jim Lichatowich, Donna Darm, Corps of Engineers, FERC Tom Fitzsimmons, Washington Department of Ecology, Center for Environmental Law and Policy, Independent Scientific Advisory Board
Superior Steelhead, by Jon George, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources; Issue No. 39 - May 2001, Pages 10-12. The 100-plus-year success story of West Coast steelhead transplanted to Lake Superior and the other Great Lakes, including cooperative efforts between government biologists and sport fishermen to collect scale samples and other life-history information from angled steelhead, tags and fin clips. Over time (early '90s) these methods have led to more restrictive harvest regulations and restored wild populations.
Key Words: North Shore Steelhead Association, NSSA, Thunder Bay, OMNR, Marathon, repeat spawning
Finding More Water in the Midst of Drought, by Daniel J. Rohlf; Issue No. 39 -- May 2001, Page 13. Columbia River system regulators can use better technologies to "find" water by a better balance of reservoir flow regimes, even in current record-drought years. The aluminum industry is a main culprit in the picture.
Key Words: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission, Northwest Power Planning Counci, Bureau of Reclamation, BPA, aluminum smelter
Reducing the Impacts of Hatchery Steelhead Programs on Wild Steelhead, by Robert B. Lindsay, Ken R Kenaston, and R. Kirk Schroeder, Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife, Issue No. 39 - May 2001, pages 14-17. Professional managers from a leading state agency discuss ways to preserve genetic integrity and meet other critical survival needs for wild steelhead, knowing that hatchery programs - and their recognized risks -- will be around for a long time.
Key Words: Wild Fish Management Policy, hatchery wild interbreeding, Eric Parkinson, Gary Meffe, Kostow, ODFW, Alsea River, Lirette, Hooton, Umpqua, Siuslaw, sterilizing, straying, residual Download Issue 39
Science, Policy and Politics: Relicensing the North Umpqua Hydro Project; by Jeffery J. Dose; Issue 38 - January 2001; Pages 1,8,11,14-15; A grounding in the scientific imperative for dam removal.
Conservationists Weigh in on North Umpqua Relicensing Negotiations; by Jim Long; Issue 38 - January 2001; Pages 1,9,16-17; A perspective of local fish advocates who are battling to give the river's wild fish a fair shake.
From the Perch -- Editor's Message: A Light at the End of the Tunnel; by Jim Yuskavitch; Issue 38 - January 2001; Page 2; An introduction to the issues presented in the issues giving way to the fact that if given a chance and a little habitat, these fish will hang on and come back, we just have to allow the chance a reality.
Letters to the Editor; by Reader; Issue 38 - January 2001; Page 3; A readers response to The Osprey newsletter.
Chair's Corner: To Negotiate or To Litigate, That is the Question; by Bill Redman; Issue 38 - January 2001; Page 3; A tough look at the game of negotiating and litigating.
The Skeena Steelhead's Struggle for Survival; by Art Lingren; Issue 38 - January 2001; Pages 4-5,10; An outline of challenges the river's salmon and steelhead have had to meet to survive, even to this day.
Southern Steelhead Found in San Mateo Creek; by Osprey Staff; Issue 38 - January 2001; Page 6-7; The results of an investigation by the California Department of Fish and Game concerning Steelhead Rainbow Trout in San Mateo Creek.
Endangered Species: The Fish, The Law and Recovery; by Pete Soverel; Issue 38 - January 2001; Pages 12-13,19; An overview on the trials and tribulations of a long-time fish advocate and a tantalizing idea on how we might finally make government agencies responsible for their actions.
The State of Steelhead; by Osprey Staff; Issue 38 - January 2001; Page 18; A report adapted from the 'Summary of the Seventh Pacific Coast Steelhead Management Meeting, March 14-16, 2000." Download Issue 38
Ghost Story; by Jim Lichatowich; Issue 37 - August 2000; Pages 1,9,12,19; An article concerning the reminders of the great salmon industry throughout the coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest.
From the Perch - Editor's Message: Politicians Seal fate of Snake River Steelhead & Salmon; by Robert Russell; Issue 37 - August 2000; Pages 2,13; A look at the doomsday issue that is in front of us concerning the loss of salmon and steelhead in the Columbia River System.
Ventura Steelhead Impatient for Dam Removal; by Osprey Staff; Issue 37 - August 2000; Page 3; A report on conservation efforts on Southern California's Ventura River.
Chair's Corner: The State of Wild Steelhead Tangled In Politics & Economics; by Bill Redman; Issue 37 - August 2000; Pages 4,17; A look at three important issues illustrate that this is a critical time for wild steelhead populations: ESA 4(d) rulings, Snake River basin Recovery Options, and Columbia Basin Unclipped Hatchery Steelhead Smolts.
Unmarked Hatchery Fish Releases Confound Fish Counts; by Bill M. Bakke; Issue 37 - August 2000; Page 5; A detailed and valuable criticism to NMFS's agreement to allow unclipped steelhead to be released in the Snake River.
Oregon Citizens Call For Protection of Coastal Forests; by Mary Bushman; Issue 37 - August 2000; Page 6-8; A update from the Friends of Tilllamook Forest leading a citizen movement to stop the state's disastrous harvest plans and forcing the ODF to consider uses other than logging for such valuable public lands.
Legacy of 30-Plus Years of Potential Hatchery Stock Introgression on Kalama River Steelhead - Still Wild After All These Years?; by Patrick L. Hulett; Issue 37 - August 2000; Page 8; An update of the findings of WDFW's 12 year-old Kalama River study.
An Estimation of Historic & Current Levels of Salmon Production in the Northeast Pacific Ecosystem: Evidence of a Nutrient Deficit in the Freshwater Systems of the Pacific Northwest; by Ted Gresh, Jim Lichatowich, & Peter Schoonmaker; Issue 37 - August 2000; Pages 10-11,14-17; A study regarding the nutrients once delivered by salmon to the inland reaches of the Northwest.
Rays of Light from the 2000 Steelhead Management Conference; by Osprey Staff; Issue 37 - August 2000; Pages 12,19; A report on Scientific finding representing every steelhead management agency for California to Kamchatka.
Methow River Reminiscence; by Bill Redman; Issue 37 - August 2000; Page 18; A look back on a memorable evening on the Methow that delivered on its promise. Download Issue 37
The Scientific Case for Lower Snake River Dam Removal; by Rob Masonis; Issue 36 - January 2000; Pages 1,4-5,14-16; The Northwest Hydropower Program Director for American Rivers lays out a clear case for dam removal on the Lower Snake River.
From The Perch - Editor's Message: Is NMFS Bailing Out?; by Robert Russell; Issue 36 - January 2000; Page 2; A look at NMFS's position on up-river habitat restoration to avoid the dam removal option.
Letter to the Editor; by Reader; Issue 36 - January 2000; Page 2; A reader's response letter to past articles of The Osprey.
What Is A Steelhead?; by Dr. Robert Behnke; Issue 36 - January 2000; Pages 3,11; A look at how realistic is the hope that resident trout are the seeds for future steelhead recovery.
Hatcheries Change Salmonids In One Generation; by Bill M. Bakke; Issue 36 - January 2000; Pages 6,11; A report by the Native Fish Society regarding the dangers of steelhead hatcheries.
Utility Plans to remove Conduit Dam; by Jonathan Brinkman - The Oregonian; Issue 36 - January 2000; Page 7; A reprint of the main headline on September 23, 1999 concerning the strong action by determined people to force PacificCorp into the right decision of freeing the White Salmon River from a fish killing dam.
Salmonid Mega Diversity Explored In Russia: News from the 1999 Kamchatka Expedition; by Osprey Staff; Issue 36 - January 2000; Page 8-9; A description of a tough 1999 expedition into a new river system, the Krutogorovo.
Confessions Of A Former Hatchery Basher; by Ray Hilborn; Issue 36 - January 2000; Pages 10,15; A reconsideration of some of his thoughts on the value of hatcheries.
Oregonians Defend Tillamook Watershed; by Osprey Staff; Issue 36 - January 2000; Page 11; A report on options Oregonians are considering launching for protection of the Tillamook Watershed.
Reminiscence Seasons: Now & Then; by Russell Chatham; Issue 36 - January 2000; Page 12-13; A reprint of chapter "Seasons Now and Then" from his classic book Silent Seasons concerning his love of California's Gualala River.
Atlantic Salmon Watch British Columbia; by Osprey Staff; Issue 36 - January 2000; Page 13; A report from the Pacific Biological Station's continues log of movements of Salmo salar in BC's hallowed steelhead streams.
Elwah Process Trudges Forward; by Osprey Staff; Issue 36 - January 2000; Page 14; A report on the funding struggles and accomplishments regarding the movement to remove the dams on the Elwah River.
Chair's Corner: The Need For Action; by Howard Johnson; Issue 36 - January 2000; Page 15; A look at the procrastination action of our society and a call for change. Download Issue 36
From the Perch: Editor's Message; by Robert Russell; Issue 35 - July 1999; Page 1-2; A look a politics test principles of wild fish management in Columbia Basin.
Snake River B-Run Steelhead Managed for Extinction; by Bill M. Bakke; Issue 35 - July 1999; Page 2-6; A clear description of the situation facing Idaho steelhead in the Columbia.
Changing Ocean Conditions and Their Effects on Steelhead; by William Pearcy & Nathan Mantua; Issue 35 - July 1999; Pages 6-10,24; Two leading Northwest scientists provide a well rounded explanation Pacific Ocean conditions and the potential effects on steelhead ocean survival.
Avian Predation in the Lower Columbia; by Herb Pollard; Issue 35 - July 1999; Page 10-12; An explanation of the events leading up to the problem of significant predation by various sea birds and the difficulties for resource managers when bird-lovers and fish-lovers clash.
Vancouver Island Steelhead Recovery Plan Progress Report (to 5/99); by Craig Wightman; Issue 35 - July 1999; Page 12-15; A report on the progress of recovery effort, with some east-coast rivers showing increased and some hopeful signs for the short-term through the recent ban on netting.
Salmon in the Cities: Bringing Them Back Alive; by Mike Burton; Issue 35 - July 1999; Page 15-18; An outline of Portland's regional governmental body's plans for salmon and steelhead recovery.
The Chair's Corner: What Is Habitat?; by Howard Johnson; Issue 35 - July 1999; Page 18; A call to be aware of all the habitats that area involved in spawning, rearing, growing, and returning healthy salmonids.
Matching the hatch for Ocean-Fresh Steelhead?; by Rob Russell; Issue 35 - July 1999; Page 19; A discussion on ocean feeding behaviors on Steelhead and what can be learned and transferred to use in fly design.
Reminiscence - Misadventures on the North Umpqua; by Jack Hemingway; Issue 35 - July 1999; Page 20-21; A reprinted story from Hemingway's 1986 book Misadventures of a Fly Fisherman describing a 1941 visit to the North Umpqua River. Download Issue 35
Catch & Release Under Attack; by Osprey Staff; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 2; A report on a strong ill will towards catch & release and three legislative bills which see to effectively end C&R steelheading, especially on the Skagit and Sauk rivers.
The Chair's Corner; by Howard Johnson; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 3; A call for manpower for the aid of steelhead conservation.
New Editor: Rob Russell; by John Sager; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 3; An introduction to the new editor of The Osprey.
Way Down South The Search for Desert Steelhead; by Terry Rodgers - San Diego Union Tribune; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 4-7; An report on a steelheader who searches coastal creeks and tiny mountain streams for steelhead, well below the accepted southern boundary of their current range.
Solutions for Salmon Recovery: Overview of WDFW Hatchery Management; by Steve Phelps; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 8-11; A WDF&W authored articles about the Department's role in, and response to, the Wild Salmonid Policy.
Snake River Dams & The Politics of Salmon Science; by Samantha Mace; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 11-12; A report on Columbia River politics surrounding the removal of the four lower Snake River Dams.
Conservation Aquaculture and Endangered Species: Can Objective Science Prevail Over Risk Anxiety?; by Paul J. Anders; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 12-15; An article presenting a case for intervening with conservation aquaculture techniques will before the last-ditch stage.
Setting Free the Elwah; by Osprey Staff; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 15-16; An update on the progress and steps being taken by the Olympic National Park towards the removal of the two hydropower dams on the Elwah River.
Tsitika River Report Documents Wild Salmo Salar; by Ospey Staff; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 16; A report on the naturalized Atlantic Salmon cropping up on Vancouver Island's Tsitika River.
Olympia Is At It Again!; by John Sager; Issue 34 - March 1999; Pages 17,19; A report and look at the ridiculous piece of anti C&R legislation being pushed in Olympia by the kill and keep fishers.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 18; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Reminiscence Putting Fish Back; by Roderick Haig-Brown; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 19-21; A reprint from Haig-Brown's Fisherman's Spring that looks at Haig-Brown asking all the right questions long before C&R was an accepted management tool for recovering fisheries. Download Issue 34
The Best of The Osprey; The Editor; Issue 33 - November 1998; Page 1; An introduction to issue 33 that provides the readers reprinted articles that have addressed the problems facing wild steelhead over the past decade.
The Case For License Sales: Chicken vs. Egg?; by Rep. Jim Buck; Issue 33 - November 1998; Page 6; The Chair of Washington's House Representatives' Natural Resources Committee provides an often overlooked viewpoint on the importance of keeping the money at home (budget money for fish and wildlife, that is).
Are there Enough of Us?; by John Sager; Issue 33 - November 1998; Page 12-13; A look at if it is in our culture to save wild steelhead and who will be left to fight the fight against the timber executives, super-farmers, public utility managers, and aluminum company stockholders.
The Chair's Corner; by Howard Johnson; Issue 33 - November 1998; Page 14; What poaching means to you and me.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 33 - November 1998; Page 18; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Skagit River Bulletin: Grandy Creek Monster Still Breathes; by Osprey Staff; Issue 34 - March 1999; Page 1-2; An update on the political pressure to complete the hatchery project. Download Issue 33
A Lawmaker's Vision: And Some Thoughts on the Past; by Sen. Bob Oke; Issue 32 - July 1998; Pages 1,28; The State's 26th District's Senator's reflection on what fishing meant to him as a boy.
Hood Canal (And Other) Salmon: A Useful History Lesson; by Earl Sande; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 2-3; A long-time Hood Canal county resident recounts 100 years of salmon exploitation should help reflect about why the commercial pursuit of salmon is so deeply imbedded in the culture of the Pacific Northwest.
Our Salmon Problem: Some Reasons for the Fish Smell; by Adele Ferguson; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 3-4; A reprint of a column which appeared in numerous newspapers throughout Washington to heat up the media about the Chinook crisis.
Endangered Upper Columbia Steelhead: The Role of Hatchery Fish; by Bruce Sanford; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 4-5; The WDF&W Steelhead Resource Manger's discussion about the possibilities for a limited angling presence on Upper Columbia endangered fish.
Upper Columbia ESA Closure: NMFS' RX for Healing; by Herb Pollard; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 5-7; A NMFS fishery biologist's explanation of why and how we got where we are, what needs to happen to comply with the ESA in the Upper Columbia, and how the future might look.
Catch & Release in the Upper Columbia: Part of the Solution or Part of the Problem; by Bill McMillan; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 8-10; Washington Trout's vice-president takes exception to The Osprey's letter to the Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission, published in Issue 31, in which the editors of The Osprey question the closure of the upper Columbia tributaries as part of the ESA listings.
A Difference Among Friends; by Pete Soverel; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 10; A member of The Osprey's editorial committee responds to Bill McMillian's previous article.
What Means "Priceless"? An Open Letter to Bob Oke and Jim Buck; by John Sager; Issue 32 - July 1998; Pages 11,28; A letter to the Chairman of the Senate Natural Resources Committee and the Chair of the House's Natural Resources Committee addressing one element on the list of choices before Washington's citizens and lawmakers.
Another Steelhead Hero: British Columbia's Bob Hooton; by Osprey Staff; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 12; A tribute to the recent recipient of the Roderick Haig-Brown Conservation Award: Bob Hooten.
Washington's Wild Salmonid Policy: The Habitat Dilemma; by Don Haring; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 12-14; A WDF&W authored articles about the Department's role in, and response to, the Wild Salmonid Policy.
Deer Creek and the Tolt River: Some Good News; by Curt Kraemer; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 14-16; A report by the district WDF&W biologist on some encouraging results of a decade of restoration effort on Deer Creek and Tolt River.
Idaho's Threatened Salmonids: The Biology Imperatives; by Osprey Staff; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 16-19; A report prepared by the staff of Idaho Fish & Game for its director laying out the causes and the cures for the imperiled and priceless resource.
The Lower Snake River: Breach the Dams and Save Money!; by Osprey Staff; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 19-21; An economic analysis, by the Oregon Natural Resources Council, which provides compelling evidence that breaching those four lower Snake River dams would eventually save us all a lot of money - in addition to saving the fish.
Saving California Steelhead; by Herb Joseph, M.D.; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 22-23; The authors third article in The Ospey and in this piece he continues his crusade to contest his state's prioritizing of money and manpower to steelhead habitat restoration at the expense of developing baseline data for existing wild populations and conserving what already works.
The Chair's Corner; by Howard Johnson; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 24; A look a who's to blame for the endangered runs.
Atlantic Salmon Invade Vancouver Island; via Internet; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 24; A report on observations of adult Atlantic Salmon in every creek and river in Nootka Sound which was swum last fall for salmon inventory purposes.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 25; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Reminiscence: Tolley and the Marble; by Richard K. Stoll; Issue 32 - July 1998; Page 26-27; the true story about how the rape of a steelhead river affected those who loved it most. Download Issue 32
Navigating the Wild Salmonid Policy: A Tribal Perspective; by Kenneth Currens, Ph.D.; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 1-3; An article revealing an insider's understanding of the problem solving and risk-management approach.
Washington's Wild Salmonid Policy: Elements of Fish Management; by Steve Phelps; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 4-5; A article describing the proposed shift in fish management under the WSP.
Steelhead at the Crossroads: The View From NMFS; by Rob Jones; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 6-7; A report by the Pacific Northwest Regional spokesman for NMFS outlining their views on the complexity of the recent listing and what is needed for recovery.
Russian v. American Steelhead: A Biologist Reports; by Mark Chilcote; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 8-10; A article describing the differences between Russian and North American steelhead.
Columbia River Fish Management Plan; by Bill Bakke; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 10-11; An insiders account of Oregon's alarming fish politics as they impact the Columbia River's teetering populations of salmon and steelhead.
Power Summit (Or Power Play?); by Bill Redman; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 12-13; An overview of the power summit that brought together power brokers to discuss the on-going process of power deregulation.
The Chairman's Corner; by Howard Johnson; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 13; A look and thought regarding sportsman job as NMFS continues to expedite a recovery plan.
ESA Steelhead Listing A California Response; by Osprey Staff; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 13-14; A reprint article from the C al Trout newsletter regarding a legislative response to wild salmonid habitat degradation along California's entire coastline.
Ten Years, Already; by John Sager; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 14-15; A look back at the last ten years and a look at what is needed over the next ten years.
Upper Columbia ESA Listing Now What?; by Osprey Staff; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 16; A reprint of The Osprey's editorial board's letter sent to Washington's Fish and Wildlife Commission questioning whether the "automatic" closures are an appropriate response to the ESA listings.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 31 - March 1998; Page 11-14; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey. Download Issue 31
The Hanford Reach: Now is the Time to Protect It; by US Senator Patty Murray; Issue 30 - November 1997; Pages 1-2,14; An article from Washington's Junior Senator in support of assuring federal protection for Columbia River's Hanford Reach under the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.
Washington State's Wild Salmonid Policy The Genetic Underpinnings; by Bruce Crawford; Issue 30 - November 1997; Page 3-5; An article describing the genetic studies which underlie the WSP.
Federal Steelhead Listings vs State Recovery Plans: What's Wrong with "Voluntary Cooperation"?; by Pete Soverel; Issue 30 - November 1997; Page 5-7; A look at basing recovery efforts so strongly on voluntary cooperation.
The New Chairman's Message; by Howard Johnson; Issue 30 - November 1997; Page 8; A thank-you for Pete Soverel's past efforts and a look the future goals and objectives of the new chairman.
Reminiscence: Vancouver Island's Heber River; by Bruce Gerhart; Issue 30 - November 1997; Page 8-10; An article recollecting on a anglers past steelhead fishing memories along the Heber River on Vancouver Island.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 30 - November 1997; Page 11-14; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey. Download Issue 30
Steelhead Management in Washington: Past, Present and Future; by Bern Shanks; Issue 29 - May 1997; Page 1-4; Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Director's response to the federal government threat of listing several steelhead and salmon species under the ESA.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 29 - May 1997; Page 4; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Whirling Disease Update; by Whirling Disease Foundation; Issue 29 - May 1997; Pages 4,12; A news release from the Federation of Fly Fishers concerning this devastating disease.
Salmon Farming Industry Threatens B.C.'s Wild Fish Stocks; by David Suzuki Foundation Report; Issue 29 - May 1997; Page 5; A news report on the impact of imported Atlantic salmon eggs on wild fish stocks.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 29 - May 1997; Page 6-7; A look and his thoughts on the relationship between people and steelhead in successful steelhead conservation.
The Poacher's Lament; by Osprey Staff; Issue 29 - May 1997; Page 8; A report on the 1996 Washington State enforcement actions on illegal angling.
Reminiscence: When Would You Rather Fish?; by Steve Fransen; Issue 29 - May 1997; Pages 10-11; An article recollecting on the past memories, as describes by an old Indian, along the Skagit River to assess what it would be like in the early 1900s. Download Issue 29
Idaho's Steelhead Protection Strategy; by Edward Bowles; Issue 28 - November 1996; Page 1-2; Idaho's fish and game department's statement about their plans for responding to the NMFS proposed listing of west-coast steelhead under the ESA.
Restoration and Management of Steelhead in California; by Dennis McEwan; Issue 28 - November 1996; Page 3-5; California's fish and game department's statement about their plans for responding to the NMFS proposed listing of west-coast steelhead under the ESA.
The Chairman's Mend: Going, Going, Gone; by Pete Soverel; Issue 28 - November 1996; Page 6; A look and thought concerning the last wake-up call and the last chance to save steelhead.
Independent Scientific Group Report to Northwest Power Planning Council; by Bill Redman; Issue 28 - November 1996; Page 7-8; Some excerpts from the Independent Scientific Group's preliminary report from April 25th new release.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 28 - November 1996; Page 8; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
The Last Nail: Whirling Disease Confirmed in Northwest Steelhead; by Osprey Staff; Issue 28 - November 1996; Page 10-11; A report on the finding of whirling disease in steelhead stocks in Southeastern Washington and what anglers need to know to help not spread this disease across the state.
County Survey Indicates overwhelming Support for Protection of Hanford Reach Fish and Wildlife!!; by Rich Steele; Issue 28 - November 1996; Page 11-12; A new release in response to the completion of a public opinion poll taken locally, sponsored by the counties and local privatization interests. Download Issue 28
The Risks of Hatchery Supplementation; by Reg Reisenbichler; Issue 27 - June 1996; Page 1-4; An examination of the available scientific literature on the supplementation of naturally spawning wild steelhead stocks with steelhead smolt produced in hatcheries.
The Kalama River Studies: Hedge or Heed the Warnings?; by the Editors; Issue 27 - June 1996; Page 5-6; A call for steelhead managers and policy makers to review and give serious pause to the preliminary analyses and conclusions from the fiscal years 1994 & 1995 study results.
The Chairman's Mend: Finally, ESE Steelhead Listing; by Pete Soverel; Issue 27 - June 1996; Page 7-8; Another report on the depressed stocks of the west coast steelhead runs and NMFS's long awaited response.
Washington State has a New Fish & Wildlife Director; by Osprey Staff; Issue 27 - June 1996; Page 8; An introduction to Dr. Bern Shanks, the newly named Washington Fish and Wildlife Director.
The New Washington Fish & Wildlife Commission: A Great Beginning; by John Sager; Issue 27 - June 1996; Page 9-11; The look at the politics of steelhead management as a result of the passing of referendum 45.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 27 - June 1996; Page 11-12; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
The San Lorenzo River: Too Little Too Late?; by Osprey Staff; Issue 27 - June 1996; Pages 12-13; A depressing report on the decline of the San Lorenzo's stocks due to fishing pressure and habitat destruction.
A Bait Ban on the Thompson; by Osprey Staff; Issue 27 - June 1996; Page 13-14; An update on British Columbia's progress on reviewing the proposed ban on the use of organic bait when fishing for Thompson River steelhead.
Poaching for Steelhead It's Not Worth It, Folks; by Osprey Staff; Issue 27 - June 1996; Page 14-15; An overview of how widespread is the practice of fishing illegally for steelhead, what are the consequences of getting caught at it, and how effective is Washington State's enforcement system.
Reminiscence; by Stan Y; Issue 27 - June 1996; Page 15-16; An article recollecting on a anglers past steelhead fishing memories along the North Fork Stillaguamish River. Download Issue 27
Editorial: How Bad Is Bad?; by Pete Soverel; Issue 26 - January 1996; Page 1-2; A report on the dismal returns of steelhead runs from northern British Columbia to California, and the response in Washington and Oregon.
Thinking About Salmon Landscapes; by James R. Karr; Issue 26 - January 1996; Page 2-6; A reprint of the author's keynote address at the 1994 Northeast pacific Chinook and Coho Salmon Workshop, originally published by the Oregon Chapter of the American Fisheries Society.
Conservation Strategies for Anadromous Fish; by Bill M. Bakke; Issue 26 - January 1996; Page 7-9; The article recommends management reform measures by discussing specific goals and then identifying current problems related to each.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 26 - January 1996; Pages 9-12,20; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Upstream: The NRC Report; by Bill Redman; Issue 26 - January 1996; Page 12-14; An article on explaining the recent National Research Committee's report on the condition of west coast salmonids and recommendations on what to do next.
Kamchatka Steelhead: Project Update; by Pete Soverel; Issue 26 - January 1996; Page 15; A report on the results of the steelhead project from the expedition this past fall.
Off the Wire ...; via San Francisco Chronicle; Issue 26 - January 1996; Page 17; A real life account of what can go wrong in the hatchery industry.
Reminiscence; by Joe Howell; Issue 26 - January 1996; Page 19-20; An article recollecting on a anglers past steelhead fishing memories along Oregon's North Umpqua River. Download Issue 26
Editorial: The Grandy Creek Hatchery Why It Won't Go Away; by Osprey Staff; Issue 25 - October 1995; Page 1-3; A update and call for opposition regarding the proposed hatchery project on the Skagit River.
Snake River Salmon & Steelhead Part II: BPA's Cooked Books; by Bill Redman; Issue 25 - October 1995; Page 4-6; A article is a partial report on BPA's fish and wildlife expenses and accounting system.
Why Isn't Science Saving Salmon; by AFS Idaho Chapter; Issue 25 - October 1995; Page 6-7; A reprint article from the journal of the American Fisheries Society capturing the essence of the Snake River salmon issue.
Oregon Steelhead; by Osprey Staff; Issue 25 - October 1995; Page 8-9; Article A of the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife's Steelhead Management Plan containing interesting and useful information about the life history of that state's steelhead trout.
Reminiscence; by Nick Murphy; Issue 25 - October 1995; Page 9; An article recollecting on a anglers past fishing memories on Oregon's North Umpqua River and its magnificent race of steelhead.
Better Protection For Great Lakes Wild Steelhead; by Jerry & Rick Kustich; Issue 25 - October 1995; Page 10-11; An overview of the urgent need to provide greater protection to the lakes' wild steelhead of which there are significant stocks.
Status of Wild Steelhead in the Great Lakes, Part 2; by Osprey Staff; Issue 25 - October 1995; Page 11-16; An article continuing the report based upon the response to questions submitted by The Osprey to the eight states and one province bordering the Great Lakes with respect to the management and status of their steelhead, especially their wild steelhead. Download Issue 25
Snake River Salmon and Steelhead; by Bill Redman; Issue 24 - June 1995; Page 1-6; An article about the declining Snake River runs of salmon and steelhead, especially the perilously small remaining runs of wild fish.
Are our Politicians Listening?; by John Sager; Issue 24 - June 1995; Page 7-8; An overview of the changing political controls, as a result of the election, on the future of steelhead management.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 24 - June 1995; Page 9; A look at the "balance" the newly elected congress is trying to enact in the Endangered Species Act.
Whirling Disease in the Wild; by Jerry Kustich; Issue 24 - June 1995; Page 10-11; A report on the impact of whirling disease on the wild trout populations in three of Montana's blue ribbon trout streams.
Steelhead Society of BC to Vote on Bait Ban for the Thompson River; by Osprey Staff; Issue 24 - June 1995; Pages 11,20; A report on the SSBC's resolution to membership to ban all organic baits on the Thompson River.
Reminiscence; by Bob York; Issue 24 - June 1995; Page 12-13; A personal attempt to provide a clear picture of how the steelheading experience was in their days.
Status of Wild Steelhead in the Great Lakes; by Osprey Staff; Issue 24 - June 1995; Page 13-16; An article based upon the response to questions submitted by The Osprey to the eight states and one province bordering the Great Lakes with respect to the management and status of their steelhead, especially their wild steelhead.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 24 - June 1995; Page 17; A readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Reminiscence; by Bill Barnett; Issue 24 - June 1995; Page 18-19; An article recollecting on a anglers past fishing memories on the Wenatchee River and his thought on the survival of the wild steelhead species in the rivers of the Northwest. Download Issue 24
Kamchatka: From Dream to Reality; by Jeff Mishler; Issue 23 - February 1995; Page 1-3; A personal account from one of the first anglers who took part in the first-ever joint Russian-American scientific team to fish under the Kamchatka Steelhead Project.
Kamchatka Report; by Pete Soverel; Issue 23 - February 1995; Page 3-5; The directors report on the first expedition of the Kamchatka Steelhead Project and a report on future expeditions.
Niagara River Steelhead Perspective; by Jerry & Rick Kustich; Issue 23 - February 1995; Page 5-7; A historic and current overview of the Niagara River.
Skeena: What's In Store; by Osprey Staff; Issue 23 - February 1995; Page 7; A look at the results of a change of policy and the future opinions concerning the river.
Klamath River Update; by Kent Bullfinch; Issue 23 - February 1995; Page 8-9; An update on some encouraging signs of progress in the view of instream flows.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 23 - February 1995; Page 11; A look and thought concerning the commotion around the Endangered Species Act by some politicians and lots of special interests groups.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 23 - February 1995; Page 12-14; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Reminiscences; by Jerry Wintle & Bob McLaughlin; Issue 23 - February 1995; Page 14-16; An article recollecting on two anglers memories of the past fishing memories the Morice River, East Fork Lewis River, and the North fork Stilly. Download Issue 23
Steelhead and the Great Lakes; by Jerry and Rick Kustich; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 1-2; An observation, by two brothers, of steelhead opportunities in the Great Lake system.
Kamchatka Update; by Pete Soverel; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 3; An update on the joint Uuniversity of Washington-Russian scientific expedition to study Kamchatka steelhead.
Columbia River -- The End of the Line: A River Without Hope; by Pete Soverel; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 4-5; A review of the plight of the Columbia and Snake River salmon and steelhead runs.
Skeena: A Glimmer of Hope; by Osprey Staff; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 5; An update on a British Columbia Ministry of Environment and the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans agreement to reduce the commercial interception of steelhead.
Another Steelhead Hero: BC Fisheries Chief Retires; by Osprey Staff; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 5; A look at Dave Narver's past service as Chief of the Fisheries Branch of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment over the past 10 years.
US - Canada Salmon Treaty: Update; by Osprey Staff; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 6; A report on the news of the treaty renegotiations.
Pacific Coast Salmon and Trout Hatcheries: A Historic Review; by Percy Washington; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 6-8; A review of the Northwest salmon and trout hatchery propagation since the mid 1800's.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 9-10; A discussion on the different responses to marine accidents and ecological calamities.
Snake Salmon Litigation Update; by Adam Berger and Tryg Sletteland; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 10-12; A look at the Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund's proceedings under several federal laws to compel federal agencies to take action to protect imperiled salmon runs in the Columbia and Snake basins.
Managing Northwest Forests for Fish?; from AFSAAA Newsletter; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 11; A reprint of an article in response to unjust treatment by the US government to forest and forest employees who are whistleblowers.
Fun Facts: Direct Service Industries or Dead Salmon Industries; by Oregon Natural Resources Council; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 13; A fact sheet overviewing subsidized electricity in the Columbia Basin and the biggest beneficiaries of the massive subsidies.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 14-15; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Reminiscences; by Walt Johnson and Ralph Wahl; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 16-17; An article recollecting on two venerable and venerated practitioners memories of the past fishing memories.
California's Steelhead Trout Catch-Restoration Card; by H.L. Joseph; Issue 22 - September 1994; Page 18-19; A look at California steelhead conservationists struggles to urge the State Department of Fish and game to develop and support a reporting system to gather catch date to support their claims of the rapid decline in steelhead populations. Download Issue 22
Skeena Steelhead; by Brian Tobin; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 1-3; An address of the Skeena River salmon fishing plan by Canada's Minister of Fisheries and Oceans.
Letters. by Readers; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 3-4; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Editor's Notes: Protecting Hanford Reach; by Linda Hanlon; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 3; A overview of the reasons for protecting the last remaining free-flowing stretch of the mainstem Columbia River.
Snake Oil on Troubled Waters: The Snake River Salmon Un-Recovery Plan; by Ed Chaney; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 5-7; A hard core review of the NMFS's released peer review draft of recommendations for recovery of Snake River salmon listed under the Endangered Species Act.
National Marine Fisheries Service's Columbia River Plan Torpedoed; by Osprey Staff; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 7-8; A look at Judge Marsh's ruling on the NMFS refusal to take timely, effective and prudent steps to reverse the slide towards extinction of Columbia/Snake River salmon stocks.
A Naturalist's View of Hatcheries; by Bill Bakke; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 8-10; The author's historical prospective provides a helpful dimension for better understanding the Northwest's addiction to salmonid hatchery programs.
Kamchatka Steelhead: A Russian/American Survival Strategy; by John Sager; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 11-12; A report on the recent US visit of Russia's steelhead scientists.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 12-13; A review of heady successes for which the Steelhead Committee and likeminded steelhead conservationists can rightly claim substantial responsibility.
Wild Steelhead Hero; by Peter Broomhall; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 14; A recognition of Craig Orr's commitment and dedication towards steelhead conservation efforts through his services as President of the Steelhead Society of British Columbia.
Steelhead Committee Skagit Outing; by Osprey Staff; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 14; A report on a sponsored gathering of invited guests and committee members along the Skagit River during the wild steelhead catch and release season.
Grandy Creek Steelhead Hatchery: Some Conditional Good News; by Osprey Staff; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 15; A review of Washington State's suspended plans to proceed with construction of the proposed steelhead hatchery.
Skeena Update; by Rob Brown; Issue 21 - May 1994; Page 15-16; An update on the a Department of Fisheries and Oceans workshop to bring together representatives of sport-fishing, native bands, and commercial fishing industry to come to some agreement of how the Skeena fishery ought to be managed. Download Issue 21
The Dean River: Majesty in Crisis; by Osprey Staff; Issue 20 - February 1994; Page 1; An introduction to the three articles on the serious problems surrounding Dean River's summer run steelhead
Dean River Steelhead: Some of the Science; by Tom Quinn; Issue 20 - February 1994; Pages 2,12; A report on the effectiveness of weedline nets, used by commercial salmon fisheries, and there ability to allow non-targeted species to pass over the top untouched.
Guest Commentary - Catch & Release in British Columbia: Too Little Too Late?; by Ehor Boyanowsky; Issue 20 - February 1994; Pages 3,13; An opinion on the response of the government response to the plummeting of the wild steelhead stocks on the Skeena, Thompson, and even the Dean Rivers.
Change is Inevitable; by Linda Hanlon; Issue 20 - February 1994; Page 4; A new year and time for change in the way we manager, protect and catch steelhead.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 20 - February 1994; Pages 4,13; A look at the loose-loose situation facing steelhead today.
The Dean River: The Managers' Report; by Jack Leggett; Issue 20 - February 1994; Pages 5,14,16; A diplomatic description of the B.C. fishing fleet's flagrant inattention and deliberate violation of the rules and the DFO's unwillingness to get tough with the violators.
The Dean River: A Canadian Perspective; by Lee Straight; Issue 20 - February 1994; Pages 6,15; An article voicing the frustrations with the hopelessness of the methods and the insistence that terminal fisheries is the only genuine solution.
Klamath River Steelhead: Suckers to the Rescue?; by Kent R. Bulfinch; Issue 20 - February 1994; Pages 7,15,18; A report on the background, recent developments, and future prospects for the Klamath River Restoration Task Force.
Wild Steelhead Trout In Southeast Alaska; by Doug Jones; Issue 20 - February 1994; Pages 8,17; An overview of southeast Alaska's struggles with steelhead management.
Letters. by Readers; Issue 20 - February 1994; Page 9-10; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
1994 Skeena Alert; by Pete Soverel; Issue 20 - February 1994; Page 10; A call for members conservationists to call the Canadian Ministry for Fisheries and Oceans and express their views on commercial interception of B.C. steelhead.
John C. McGlenn: The Osprey's First Steelhead Hero; by Osprey Staff; Issue 20 - February 1994; Page 11; An article chronicling the conservation efforts of John C. McGlenn, Chairman of the Washington Wildlife Commission. Download Issue 20
Mid-Cloumbia Steelhead A Biologist Report; by Charles M. Peven; Issue 19 - October 1993; Pages 1,8-9,12; A fisheries biologist view on management objectives in the Columbia River with conclusions about the results of long term hatchery supplementation.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 2-4; Using the best available information to make management decisions.
Editorial -- Washington's Wildlife Commission: A Short Course; by John Sager; Issue 19 - October 1993; Pages 3,11; A look at the history behind the Washington's Wildlife Commission.
FFF Conservationist of the Year; by Editor; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 3; Pete Soverel, conservationist of the year named at the 1993 conclave.
From the Editor: The Five "H's"; by Linda Hanlon; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 4; A look at what explanation could there be for the continued decimation of the great Northwestern fisheries?
The Endangered Species Act: A Report Card; by Daniel J. Ronhlf; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 5-6; With the salmon in the Snake River on the endangered and threatened lists for well over a year, how effective has the statute been in bettering the lot of Columbia Basin anadromous fish.
Exciting New Magazine on the Way; by Osprey Staff; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 5; An announcement of the release of "Wild Steelhead & Alantic Salmon magazine by publisher Tom Pero.
ONRC's Steelhead Strategy: A Lesson in ESA Politics; by Joy Belsky and Andy Kerr; Issue 19 - October 1993; Pages 6-7,15-16; An account of the two authors' efforts to use the ESA to protect wilf winter steelhead in Oregons's Illinois River.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 10; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Wild Fish and the Forest Debate; by Editor; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 12; An update and notice for comments on President Clinton's forest plan.
Washington's Steelhead Guides: Out of Control?; by Robert T. Mclaughlin; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 13; An article reviewing the culture of guides, their clients, and the "regulations" that define their work.
NMFS Bows to Politics Issues License to Kill Endangered Salmon; by Lorri Bodi; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 14; A report on NMFS issuing a permit to dam operators for the "incidental take" that is killing up to 2.7 million salmon and identifies what the readers can do to respond to NMFS's ruling.
Dean River Alert; by Osprey Staff; Issue 19 - October 1993; Page 15; A cry for outreach to save the deeply declined Dean River Steelhead. Download Issue 19
Wild Steelhead Management: How MSH Can Work; by Sam Wright; Issue 18 - June 1993; Pages 1,8-9; A professional perspective, from a fisheries research scientist with the Washington Department of Fisheries's habitat division, of the Maximum Sustained Harvest model so widely used in steelhead management regimes.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 2; A report on the three year program to reduce the commercial take of Skeena River's summer steelhead.
Editorial -- Volunteerism: Are We Kidding Ourselves?; by John Sager; Issue 18 - June 1993; Pages 3,9; A look at the merger of the two fisheries management agencies into the new Wildlife Department.
Our Editor Says "So Long"; by John de Yonge; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 4; A good bye from message from the editor.
Russian-American Cooperation: The Kamchatkan Connection; by Osprey Staff; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 5; An update on the Steelhead Committee's efforts to make the dream of fishing and protecting the planet's last pure steelhead strain.
The Minister Responds: Skeena Steelhead; by John Crosbie; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 6-7; The Minister of Fisheries and Oceans in the Canadian national government responds to the Steelhead Committee's critical view of the way the Canadian government has managed commercial salmon fishing in B.C.'s coastal waters.
Advocates Counter: The Skeena Crisis; by Rob Brown; Issue 18 - June 1993; Pages 7,14; An overview of the Skeena River's steelhead and coho crisis and what the Wild Steelhead Campaign proposes to remedy the emergency.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 10; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Important Subscription Notice; by Osprey Staff; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 11; A call for subscriptions due to the increase in growth of The Osprey.
Chairman's Note; by Pete Soverel; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 11; An overview of the changes occurring with The Osprey and the introduction of the new editor, Linda Hanlon.
Skagit Update; by Osprey Staff; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 12; An update on two questionable management issues on the Skagit River, the Grandy Creek hatchery proposal and the Wildcat Steelhead Club's broodstock collection program.
Memories; by Pete Soverel; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 12,16; Two shared memories from 1992 that help explain the author's passion for steelhead.
Volunteer Co-Op Program; by Bob Leland; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 13; A look at three cooperative programs with the Fisheries Management Division with Washington Department of Wildlife.
Relicensing Interventions; by American Rivers, Northwest Office; Issue 18 - June 1993; Page 15-16; A look at the American River's work on behalf of riverine ecosystem protection, free-flowing rivers, fish, and recreation. Download Issue 18
Steelhead Harvest Management: Predicting Run Sizes; by Bob Leland & Steve Foley; Issue 17 - January 1993; Pages 1,11,20; An article, provided by two fisheries staff biologists with the Washington Department of Wildlife's Fish Management Division, overviewing the department's methodology for predicting run sizes which is central in setting harvest under the Maximum sustainable harvest model.
Controlling Jonny Salmonseed; by Ray Hilborn; Issue 17 - January 1993; Pages 2,18; A discussion concerning why the public doesn't understand the limitation of hatcheries and suggested options for educating them to whine their dependence on Johnny Salmonseed.
Editorial Forest Summit Will We Seive the Moment; by John de Yonge; Issue 17 - January 1993; Page 3; Discussion of fly fishers opportunity to participate to make sure the proposed Clinton Forest Summit protects, restores, and enhances salmonid stocks and habitats with federal forest lands.
Spawners and Catch & Release: How Harmful?; by Steve Pettit; Issue 17 - January 1993; Pages 4,16-17; A reprint of a 17 year old study on comparative reproductive success of caught-and-released and un-played hatchery female steelhead trout for the Clearwater River, Id.
Spey Rods for Steelhead; by Pete Soverel; Issue 17 - January 1993; Pages 5,20-22; A review of two-handed spey rods to improve ones basic knowledge and understanding of the flyfishing tool being used more and more on steelhead rivers.
Watershed Restoration A View From The Top; by Paul Hoobyar; Issue 17 - January 1993; Pages 6,15-16; An article from a coordinator for the Pacific Rivers Council overviewing extensive west coast steelhead habitat restoration through the force of federal law.
The Chairman's Mend: Taking Stock; by Pete Soverel; Issue 17 - January 1993; Pages 7,9; Comparing where the committee is with where we planned or promised to be — a detached, honest, and critical examination.
Elwha Update; by Shawn Cantrell; Issue 17 - January 1993; Page 8; An excerpt from Northwest River News on the current status on the movement to remove two destructive dams for the Elwha River.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 17 - January 1993; Pages 8,18-19; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Columbia Water Budget For Fish or For Power?; by Joan Eltman; Issue 17 - January 1993; Pages 10,18; A re-print of an article, from The Wilderness Society's September 1992 Wild Fish newsletter, reporting on an interview with Michelle DeHart, director of the Northwest Power Planning Council, to understand the many problems facing salmon and steelhead in the Columbia River system.
Salmon Habitat Restoration Draft Legislation; by Pacific Rivers Council; Issue 17 - January 1993; Page 12-14; A printing of the full proposed legislation produced by the Pacific Rivers Council. Download Issue 17
Upriver Supplementation and Recovery Options; by Ed Bowles; Issue 16 - September 1992; Pages 1,14-17; A discussion on the controversial enhancement tool of using hatcheries to supplement naturally reproducing salmon and steelhead populations.
Skeena Steelhead: The End?; by Pete Soverel; Issue 16 - September 1992; Pages 2,12,13; A report on the causes of looming extinction for Skeena steelhead stocks.
Editorial the Faces of Drought; by John de Yonge; Issue 16 - September 1992; Page 3; Drought and politics, a bad combination.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 16 - September 1992; Page 3-4; A report on the good news / bad news environment surrounding steelhead conservation.
A Victory for Steelhead; by Bill Barnett; Issue 16 - September 1992; Pages 5,10; A story of a victory for steelhead smolts rearing habitat on the Wenatchee River.
The Elwha River: Comback or Disaster; by Dick Goin; Issue 16 - September 1992; Pages 6,11; An upclose view of one of North America's most unique, yet troubled steelhead rivers.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 16 - September 1992; Pages 7,13,18; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
An International Report Card; by Craig Orr & Lee Straight; Issue 16 - September 1992; Pages 8,10; A report from the International North Pacific Fisheries Commission on the current status of naturally produced wild steelhead along the Pacific coast of North America.
New FFF National Steelhead Policy; by Federation of Flyfishers National Directors; Issue 16 - September 1992; Page 9; Policy statement approved by the FFF national directors at the Federation's annual conclave in Calgary, Alberta, in July 1992. Download Issue 16
Catch and Release Management in British Columbia; by R.S. Hooton; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 1,11,13,15,17,19,21,22; A review of catch-and-release as a major management tool to deal with low stream productivity and the cumulative effect of competing habitat uses, heavy sportfishing pressure and/or high exploitation by commercial and Indian food fisheries.
Steelhead Politics In Washington; by John Sager; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 2,12,16; A discussion on some troubling issues related to wild steelhead management, and to public awareness about wild steelhead, that will be much at issue in the next few years.
Editorial: Is the FFF Up to the Task; by John de Yonge; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 3,16; Facing the overall dismal news about stocks of salmon and steelhead from around the nation, the article talks about FFF's challenge of turning the organization into conservation activists working with other similar groups to rectify and reverse the causes bringing on the crash of wild stocks.
Quickly; by Editor; Issue 15 - May 1992; Page 3; Steelhead news concerning the closing of the March and April Catch and Release season on the Skagit River due to low escapement estimates.
Cutthroat Skiffing; by Alan Pratt; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 4,18; Tips and suggestions on searching and fly-fishing for Sea-run Cutthroats.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 4,17,18; A look a century of ill-advised policies and practices that have left of wild West Coast steelhead resources in shambles.
Steelhead Habitat; by Hal Beecher; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 5,20; Discussion on the elements of steelhead habitat and the impacts to those elements that is leading to the decline of the steelhead runs.
Who Speaks for the Salmon? A Concerned Biologist Does; by Jeff Cederholm; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 6,13,21,22; A look at the hatchery monster that fisheries biologists have created and a cry to put the brakes on to slow down and rethink the whole management program in the state.
The Wild Steelhead Campaign; by Osprey Staff; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 7,11; A report describing an exciting movement by our Canadian friends to halt the rapidly declining Skeena River steelhead fishery.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 8,14;Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Wild Steelhead Management and Conservation in Oregon; by Osprey Staff; Issue 15 - May 1992; Pages 9,14; An overview of a report, generated by the Steelhead Conservation Committee of Oregon Trout, to identify and analyze the conservation issues affecting wild steelhead in Oregon and to provide recommendations to solve the discovered problems.
The Washington Steelhead Symposium; Notice; Issue 15 - May 1992; Page 10; Invitation for the readers of The Osprey to attend the Steelhead Symposium sponsored by the Washington Wildlife Commission. Download Issue 15
Steelhead Management on Vancouver Island; by Craig Wightman; Issue 14 - January 1992; Pages 1,12-13; A look at steelhead management styles on Vancouver Island.
One (1) Steelhead; by Alan Pratt; Issue 14 - January 1992; Pages 2,9,12; Old Lucky Al's one steelhead season.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 14 - January 1992; Pages 2,16; Report on Committee's 1991 efforts in Steelhead conservation.
Winter-Run Steelhead: California's Stepchildren; by H.L. Joseph; Issue 14 - January 1992; Pages 3,4,14,15; Discussion on whether state agencies can manage the wild winter-run resource without radical changes in priorities and finding.
Quickly; by Editor; Issue 14 - January 1992; Pages 3,5,7,11,20; Steelhead new concerning endangered sockeye salmon runs on the Snake River, 1992-94 regulations to protect wild summer fish, and the drowning of Kit Carson King on the Snake River.
California DF&G's Steelhead Project; by Dennis McEwan; Issue 14 - January 1992; Page 4; Discussion on building the project into a program that will be on par with the other Pacific states and British Columbia.
Editorial The Sockeye Opportunity; by John de Yonge; Issue 14 - January 1992; Pages 5,19; The listing of the Sockeye offers a tremendous opportunity to the nation.
"Spotted Salmon": The Forest Debate Heats Up; by Michael Anderson; Issue 14 - January 1992; Pages 6,11; Salmon and steelhead takes the baton from the Spotted Owl listing under the Endangered Species Act.
NWPPC's Rescue Plan; by Osprey Staff; Issue 14 - January 1992; Pages 7,15,18; Report on the Northwest Power Planning Council's plan to accelerate recovery on salmon and steelhead stocks in the Columbia and Snake River.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 14 - January 1992; Page 8; Various readers response letters to past articles of The Osprey.
Suspended Solids Impact on River Fish; by Craig Orr, Ph.D.; Issue 14 - January 1992; Page 9; Discussing the potential impacts on fish of poor logging and road building practices.
The Skagit River: What Went Wrong?; by Pete Soverel; Issue 14 - January 1992; Pages 10,18; Article about habitat degradation, excessive harvest, and hatchery production practices impact on Skagit River Steelhead. Download Issue 14
For Fish Biologist, No Easy Choice; by Curt Kraemer; Issue 13 - September 1991; Pages 1,7; Balancing the management options of wild vs. hatchery steelhead stocks and how it rarely has easy answers.
The Annual Report: Focus on Opportunity; by Pete Soverel; Issue 13 - September 1991; Pages 2,9; Detail of activities and issue confronted by the Steelhead Committee in 1990.
Editorial Now We've Got Hogs; by John de Yonge; Issue 13 - September 1991; Pages 3,12; Atlantic Salmon Escapees within range of a fly cast on the Pacific Coast and the impacts to wild, natural stocks up and down the coast.
Quickly; by Editor; Issue 13 - September 1991; Pages 3,11; Steelhead news concerning Korean Driftnetting.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 13 - September 1991; Pages 4,9; Opportunities for the Steelhead Committee in the FERC re-licensing process, Northwest Power Planning Council plan development process, timber harvest practices, over-exploitation; and hatchery use.
Extending the Strike Indicator's Range; by Bill Keep; Issue 13 - September 1991; Pages 5,10; Further discussion on fishing a heavily weighted fly using a strike indicator.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 13 - September 1991; Page 6; Readers letters in support of The Osprey.
Lines for Spey Rods; by Pete Soverel; Issue 13 - September 1991; Pages 6,11; Taking the mystery out of fly fishing with a spey rod this article focuses on the Lines used with the rods.
The Wild Salmon and Trout Alliance; by Mitch Friedman; Issue 13 - September 1991; Pages 8,11; Description of a much needed umbrella concept for coordinating and focussing on the many issues that affect wild steelhead.
TFW and Wild Steelhead; by Howard Johnson; Issue 13 - September 1991; Page 10; An article on a program promoting better wildlife habitat and cool pure water for wild steelhead. Download Issue 13
The Tolt River: A Steelhead Success Story; by Osprey Staff; Issue 12 - May 1991; Pages 1,14-15; A report on the Tolt River Project conducted by members of Washington Trout.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 12 - May 1991; Pages 2,10-11; Readers response to The Osprey.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 12 - May 1991; Pages 2,9; Building on the success of the Tolt River Story and a call for volunteerism to help wild steelhead.
Editorial: Are We Just Too Late?; by John de Yonge; Issue 12 - May 1991; Pages 3,16; Overview of the American Fisheries Society report called "Pacific Salmon at the Crossroads: Stocks as Risk from California, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington."
Skeena Steelhead; by Tom Pero; Issue 12 - May 1991; Pages 4,12; Transcription of Tom Pero's keynote address to the Steelhead Society of British Columbia at its annual general meeting in Richmond, B.C. on February 3, 1991.
Genetic Diversity in Salmonidae; by Stephen C. Conroy; Issue 12 - May 1991; Pages 5,11,13; Look at consequences of both hatchery supplementation and the practice of MSH on wild genetic diversity.
Quickly; by Editor; Issue 12 - May 1991; Pages 5,16; Steelhead news concerning TU and B.C., comments on a poor season, and developing policy for managing rivers with historic wild summer steelhead.
Timber Harvest Impacts on Fisheries; by Chris Frissell & Rich Nawa; Issue 12 - May 1991; Pages 6,12,14; Article on our lack of technical understanding, technological ability, and economic resources necessary to restore watershed and streams.
High Seas Drift Nets: A Congressional View; by U.S. Rep. Rod Chandler; Issue 12 - May 1991; Page 7; Washington states congressman from the Eighth district provides his view on High Seas Drift Nets.
Home River; by Robert McLaughlin; Issue 12 - May 1991; Page 7-8; Perspective on describing ones home river.
Water and the Chelan Agreement; by Ralph Huth; Issue 12 - May 1991; Page 8-9; Report on a citizens process negotiating a methodology for water planning and for cooperatively resolving water resource disputes.
A Lady's View; by Jessica Maxwell; Issue 12 - May 1991; Page 13; A little snippet describing a lady's view of a master fly fisherman's play of a fish. Download Issue 12
Hatcheries and the Future of Salmon & Steelhead in the Northwest; by Ray Hilborn; Issue 11 - January 1991; Pages 1,6-8; Overview of reliance on hatcheries fish vs. wild fish, ask the question will the future depend on high technology or wild streams?
Letters; by Readers; Issue 11 - January 1991; Pages 2,11-12; Readers response to world body a bad idea and a challenge to wildlife director Smitch.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 11 - January 1991; Pages 2,8; Overview of the Steelhead Committee's proposed regulations for the 1992-93 fishing pamphlet.
Grandy Creek: Home Grown Hatchery; by Susan Ewing; Issue 11 - January 1991; Pages 3,10; A response from a media specialist for the Washington Department of Wildlife on behalf of the department, in response to the Steelhead Committee's interest in and concerns about new hatchery programs, for steelhead, in the Northwest.
Quickly; by Editor; Issue 11 - January 1991; Pages 3,12; Steelhead news concerning the Washington State Department of Wildlife's promise to take another look a measures to save Tolt River summer runs.
Fish Culture in B.C. Steelhead Management; by Bryan Ludwig; Issue 11 - January 1991; Pages 4,9; Discussion on the B.C.'s challenge for the fisheries program to balance the needs of wild stocks with a desire to harvest limited number of fish.
Editorial: The Price of Clearcuts; by John de Yonge; Issue 11 - January 1991; Page 5; Poor timber practices with flooding equals society picking up the bill for damages created.
Can They Fix the Sauk?; by Steve Conroy; Issue 11 - January 1991; Page 9; A report on the US Forest Service's alternative proposals for improving the water quality of the Sauk River.
In Search of: Soviet Steelhead; by John Sager; Issue 11 - January 1991; Page 10-11; Dreaming of returning to the Soviet Union with flyrod in hand, to search for steelhead in waters yet unknown. Download Issue 11
What Does Extinction Look Like?; by Bill Bakke; Issue 10 - September 1990; Page 1-3; Discussion about the actions to invoke the Endangered Species Act to try to force federal, state, and other agencies to preserve endangered Grande Ronde Chinook, Snake River Sockeye, Lower Columbia Coho, the upper river fall Chinook runs.The Skagit River: Keeping It Wild and Scenic; by Phillip Wallen; Issue 10 - September 1990; Page 10-11; Article on the inadequacy of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act to protect the Skagit River to limit or regulate private land use, including forestry, mining and home building.
Genocide for Wild Columbia River Salmon & Steelhead; by Marty Sherman; Issue 10 - September 1990; Page 3-4; Article that questions whether hatcheries are more a problem than an answer.
Quickly; by Editor; Issue 10 - September 1990; Pages 3,12; Steelhead news concerning a new hatchery and bald eagles along the Skagit River.
The Chairman's Mend; by Pete Soverel; Issue 10 - September 1990; Page 4-5; Discussion and examples of loss of genetic diversity caused by hatchery programs.
Editorial: Unsheathing Excalibur; by John DeYonge; Issue 10 - September 1990; Page 5; Article about the Endangered Species Act as our act of last resort.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 10 - September 1990; Page 6; Readers response to Guides: Part of the Problem? and a call for an international steelhead conservation organization.
Keeping Washington Fishable!; by Ralph Huth; Issue 10 - September 1990; Page 7-8; Overview of proposed Initiative 547.
Nymphing for Winter Steelies; by John Sager; Issue 10 - September 1990; Page 8-9; How to discussion on nymph for winter steelhead.
Wildlife Management: The View from the Top; by John C. McGlenn; Issue 10 - September 1990; Page 9-10; Article from the Chairman of the Washington Wildlife Commission on meeting the mission statement of the Department of Wildlife. Download Issue 10
British Columbia's New Quality Angling Policy; by David W. Narver; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 1-3; Discussion on the specifics of B.C.'s new Angling Guides policy and what it hopes to accomplish.
Quickly; by Editor; Issue 9 - June 1990; Pages 1,16; Steelhead news concerning National Park Service's study of Hanford Reach, arrest of Taiwanese fish broker, seizer of North Korean drift net fishing vessels, and the Steelhead Committee's plea for emergency regulations on Tolt River.
A Word from the Chairman; by Pete Soverel; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 3-4; Notes on the transition for both the newsletter's editorial staff and the Washington Steelhead Committee.
Editorial: We Need a Worldwide Organization; by John de Yonge; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 4-5; Discussion on the problems facing steelhead have grown beyond the capability of the numerous local and regional groups and then need for a cohesive international organization, similar to the Atlantic Salmon Federation.
The Day that Sidney Glasso Totalled His Porsche; by Walt Johnson; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 5-7; A story from the early days of fishing the Bogachiel with Syd Glasso.
California Sea Lions in Washington; by Robert L. DeLong; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 7-8; An overview of California Sea Lion interaction with returning winter steelhead.
Idaho Wild Steelhead Update; by Steve Petit; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 8-10; Report on current management of Steelhead runs within Idaho river systems.
The Steamboaters; by Yvonne Knouse; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 10-11; Report on the history of an organization of fly fishers that watchdog a 33-mile fly-fishing only segment of the North Umpqua River.
Seacops; by Pete Soverel; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 11-12; Report on an amendment to the Magnuson Act and our Department of State reluctance to comply with the amendment.
Great Lakes Steelhead; by Terry Lyons; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 13-14; An account of the Great Lakes Steelhead fishery with help from a fisheries biologist from the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.
The Flyfisher's Shoulder; by Nate Smith; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 14-15; Article dealing with the prevention and treatment of Flyfisher's Shoulder.
Letters; by Readers; Issue 9 - June 1990; Page 15; Several readers response to The Osprey, an international body for the protection of wild steelhead. Download Issue 09
B.C. Rule Changes Miss the Mark; by Stan Young; Issue 8 - January 1990; Page 1-2; Discussion concerning the proposed rule changes to restrict non-Canadian angler.
Quickly; by Editor; Issue 8 - January 1990; Pages 1,3,9,10; Steelhead news concerning Bob York's reaction to the recent fishing seasons, Georgia Pacific harvest activities, DNR's plans to resume timber harvests in Deer Creek, new membership in WA chapter of Steelhead Society of B.C., and Deer Creek adult steelhead survey results.
Supplementation and the Wenatchee River; by Bob Arnold; Issue 8 - January 1990; Page 2-4; Report on the efforts underway to reestablish a breeding populations of steelhead in the Wenatechee.
Steelheader's Elbow; by Nate Smith; Issue 8 - January 1990; Page 4-5; Article dealing with the prevention and treatment of Steelheader's Elbow.
The Trouble with Guides; by Pete Soverel; Issue 8 - January 1990; Page 6; An article about commercial guides and the role they should properly have in our sport.
A Matter of Persuasion; by John Sager; Issue 8 - January 1990; Page 7-8; Reflection on a frustration on how more effectively to share with other anglers, on the riverbanks, our conservation ethics.
The Dolly Varden; by Curt Kraemer; Issue 8 - January 1990; Page 8-9; Report on the findings from a current research project on the Dolly Varden.
River Network; by Stan Young; Issue 8 - January 1990; Page 9; Overview of River Network, a Portland-based organization focusing exclusively on river protection. Download Issue 08
Commercial Fishing Impacts on Steelhead; by Trey Combs; Issue 7 - September 1989; Page 1-3; Discussion on gillnets vs. steelhead in Alaska, British Columbia and Washington.
Quickly; by Editor; Issue 7 - September 1989; Pages 1,3,5,10; Steelhead news concerning Washington/Oregon run sizes, North Fork Stilly slide damage, illegal Taiwanese Fishing, Japanese cooperation to insure they are not illegally netting US fish, Committee activities, evolution of the waking fly, publication of Ralph Wahl's new book, and Atlantic Salmon fish kills.
First Deer Creel Enhancement Effort; by Walt Johnson; Issue 7 - September 1989; Page 3-5; Review of the first enhancement effort in Deer Creek in the mid-1940s.
Stream Structure Defended; by Matt Longenbaugh; Issue 7 - September 1989; Page 5-6; A solicited response to Richard Nawa's article for a Forest Service Fisheries Biologist.
Update on Proposed B.C. Regs; by Pete Soverel; Issue 7 - September 1989; Page 6; Report on the tracking of proposed regulations in B.C. that would restrict fishing opportunities for steelhead for non-Canadians.
O. Mykiss, The Steelhead Salmon?; by Rory E. Glennie; Issue 7 - September 1989; Page 7; Exception article to the recent evidence that persuaded the AFS to accept Onocohynchus as the appropriate genetic name for all native Pacific-drainage trouts the presently are called Salmo.
Return to the Nimpkish; by Van Egan; Issue 7 - September 1989; Page 8-9; Personal description of a journey back to the Historic Nimpkish.
The Last Word; by Bob Arnold; Issue 7 - September 1989; Page 9; The last word concerning Lee Wulff's taking of a steelhead on a size 28 fly. Download Issue 07
Future Flights of The Osprey; by Editors; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 1; Discussion on the future purpose and agreed upon upgrades for the publication.
Commercial Interception of Skeena River Steelhead Stocks; by Gary Miltenberger; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 2; Article about the movement to reduce Skeena netting methods and seasons to better accommodate escapement of wild steelhead and salmon.
When There are Too Many Boats; by Stan Young; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 3-4; Discussion on the ever-growing problems that stem from the interactions of boat and bank fishermen.
Misuse of Stream Structures by the Forest Service; by Richard Nawa; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 4-6; Discussion on the policy change by the Forest Service from stream protection to fish production.
B.C. Rivers Classification: Planning and Controversy; by Bill McMillan; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 6-8; Article on the American reaction and assessment to British Columbia's Recreational Fisheries Branch proposed steelhead river classification system.
Washington Chapter of B.C. Steelhead Society; by Pete Soverel; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 8; Overview of the goals and purpose statements for the new chapter of the B.C Steelhead Society.
Good Neighborliness; by Stan Young; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 8-9; Appeal to American fishes to mend their aggressive ways on B.C. rivers because of the proposed classification plan that would sharply restrict non-Canadian use.
Deer Creek News; by Alec Jackson; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 9; News on rehabilitation jobs being conducted under the Deer Creek Restoration Project.
Drawing Parallels with Angling and Biological/Genetic Evidence; by Bill McMillan; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 9-10; Comparison of inland and coastal steelhead populations.
Trialog on Lee Wulff; by Bob Arnold; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 10-11; Article taking issue with Rory Glennie's criticism of Lee Wulff's efforts to catch steelhead on very small flies.
Smoltification; by Bob Arnold; Issue 6 - May 1989; Page 11-12; Discussion on the remarkable transformation juvenile steelhead undergo in the spring season. Download Issue 06
Overview; by Stan Young; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 1; Introduction to issue 5.
Wild Steelhead in Washington; by Terry Rudnick and Mike Kuttle; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 1-2; Two staff members of Washington Department of Wildlife present the Department's official position on wild steelhead.
The Distinction Between Wild and Native Steelhead Is Important; by Stan Young; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 2; Discussion on the distinctions between wild and native steelhead.
Movement of Summer-Run Steelhead in Puget Sound Streams; by Kurt Kraemer; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 2-3; Discussion on the importance of understanding the in-stream appearance of the adult steelhead to increase angler success.
Could Our Rivers Run Dry?; by John Sager; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 3; Discussion on potential impact to in-stream water flow as a result of a special committee of Washington's legislature of the state's water policy.
Washington Steelhead Committee; by Stan Young; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 4; Washington Steelhead Committee's Purpose, Organization, and Activities.
Streambank Access; by John Sager; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 4; Article on how to improve stream access and do fly fisher really want to be successful.
The Steelhead Hatchery Hoax; by Bill McMillan; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 4-5; Comparison of wild and hatchery steelhead management on two southwest Washington rivers (Toutle and Kalama) to ask, should there be any role at all for steelhead hatchery programs on a great majority of northwest streams?
River Etiquette; by Sean Gallagher; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 5; Information on how to share water with others, with the least amount of interference.
Wild Steelhead Conservation (The Big Pump Syndrome); by Bill Bakke; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 6; Article on "the big pump" and how it is misleading just about everyone.
The Role of Hatcheries in Steelhead Management; by Stan Young; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 6-7; Discussion on the use of hatchery-reared steelhead vs. natural production.
Snorkel Counts on S.W. Washington Rivers; by Bill McMillan; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 7; Article on a good example of how individual involvement pays off and what we can do to help steelhead management.
The Good Ol' Days; by Ted Novis; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 7; A nostalgic view of Stream Sportmanship from the North Umpqua River Steamboaters' late Ted Novis.
Poaching, Anyone; by Editor; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 7; A warning to would be poachers that not all judges are soft on poachers (excerpt from the Seattle Times Outdoor Notebook).
Hanford Reach Study; by Editor; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 7; Update on the legislation authorizing a study of the Columbia River.
Small Hook, Big Fish; by Lee Wulff; Issue 5 - January 1989; Page 8; A fishing story of Lee Wulff's taking of a good steelhead on a no. 28 fly. Download Issue 05
Overview; by Bob Arnold; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 1; Introduction to Issue 4 of The Osprey and a discussion of the formation of the Oregon Steelhead Committee.
Hatchery vs. Wild Steelhead; by Editor; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 2; Editor excerpts from the Department of Wildlife's "Studies of Hatchery and Wild Steelhead In the Lower Columbia Region Progress Report for fiscal Year 1987" and "Comparative Life Characteristics . . . in the Kalama River."
Wild Steelhead Conservation; by Bill Bakke; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 2-3; Article on the negative impact of hatchery steelhead plants on wild fish in Washington's Kalama River, as reported in a study by the Washington Department of Wildlife.
The Value of Wild Steelhead; by Richard K. Nawa; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 3-4; Article is abstracted from a long paper prepared for the North Umpqua Foundation presented on December 20, 1987.
Columbia River Fish Management Plan; by Marty Sherman; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 4-5; Overview of the plan for fish management on the Columbia River released by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.
No Hoko Hokum; by John Sager; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 5; Description of upstream nymphing for Steelhead on the Olympic Peninsula's Hoko River.
One Man's Shangri-La; by Ralph Wahl; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 5-6; Excerpt from Ralph Wahl's Skagit notebooks.
Skagit River Tabulation; by Bob Arnold; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 6-7; Comparison of todays fishing condition on the Suak and Skagit to the notes of Ralph Wahl and Judge Olsen from the 1940's.
Hatchery Management for the Great Lakes; by Eugene Sunday; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 7; Overview of hatchery management in the Great Lakes rivers.
Notes from British Columbia; by Editor; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 7-8; Editor excerpts from the Steelhead Society of B.C.'s annual report.
Washington Report; by Editor; Issue 4 - June 1988; Page 8; Activities of the Washington Steelhead Committee. Download Issue 04
Overview; by Bob Arnold; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 1; Words on the drought conditions, relating to British Columbia Steelhead issues; the passing of Ken McLeod, and the publishing of the third issue of The Osprey.
First Annual Meeting, National Steelhead Committee; by Editor; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 1-2; Minutes from the first meeting of the FFF National Steelhead Committee.
Catch and Release Battles Won; by George Johnson; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 2; Catch-and-release battles on the Clearwater and Grande Ronde Rivers.
Roundup; by Steve Pettit, Bill McMillan, and Stan Young; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 2-4; Reports on the Snake River, Southwest Washington, Northwest Washington, Oregon, and Canadian River Systems.
Deer Creek Update; by Editor; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 4; Report on rehabilitation projects in the Deer Creek Watershed.
Timber Practices; by Bob Arnold; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 4; Perspective of impact on Steelhead watersheds.
Implications of Deer Creek; by Bob Arnold; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 5; Discussion on Department of Natural Resources (DNR) fails to learn from the lessons of Deer Creek.
Olympia Thwarts Us; by Bob Arnold; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 5; Steelhead Committee's requested emergency closure of Deer Creek denied in Olympia.
Clark-Skamania Projects; by Editor; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 5; Overview of two innovative publications (1) A Wild Fish Story and (2) a report on fish-watching.
Too Many Steelhead; by Stan Young; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 5-6; Report on the results of too many steelhead in Oregon's North Umpqua River.
Steelhead Management Input, Washington; by Stan Young; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 6; Discussion of the Steelhead Committee's submitted comprehensive comments on the proposed fishing regulations.
Hanford Reach of the Columbia; by Editor; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 6; Report on legislation to propose a study of the 57-mile section of the Columbia River.
Skagit Wild and Scenic River; by Editor; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 6-7; Report on the hiring of a part-time river manager by the US Forest Service.
16/16 Club; by Stan Young; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 7; Report on Scott Noble's steelhead fly fishing technique that enabled the catch of a 16 pound Steelhead on a size 16 dry fly.
Seasonal Drift; by Bob Arnold; Issue 3 - January 1988; Page 7-8; Discussion on drifting of steelhead arrival seasons.
Download Issue 3
The National Steelhead Committee; by George Johnson; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 1; Purpose statement of the National Steelhead Committee.
Overview; by Bob Arnold; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 1-2; Response to the first issue of The Osprey.
Steelhead Management: Regional Variations and Comparisons; by Bill McMillan; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 2-3; Overview of Steelhead management in British Columbia, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
Wild and Scenic River; by Bob McLaughlin; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 3-4; Description of a very special day for a fly fisher due to the setting, technique, and the fish.
Legislative Update; by John Sager; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 4; Overview of fish and wildlife legislature proposals in Washington, Oregon, and British Columbia's Parliament.
The Dean River; by Ken Hardinge-Rooney; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 5-6; Discussion on the future of the Dean River.
Steamboaters Saluted; by Stan Young; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 5; Discussion on the 20th anniversary of the North Umpqua River's Steamboaters.
Threat to Deer Creek from Road Building and Timber Harvest Eases; by Alec Jackson; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 5; Information on US Forest Service's actions in the watershed, Georgia-Pacific's harvest activities, and the Timber-Harvest-Review process established by the Deer Creek Group.
Wild Steelhead Return; by George Johnson; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 5-6; Review of interesting information on Wild Steelhead catch-and-release program in the Columbia and Snake River Watersheds.
Quality Fishing; by Steve Raymond; Issue 2 - July 1987; Page 6; Descriptive perspective on quality steelhead fishing. Download Issue 2
Editor's Message; by Stan Young; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 1; Introduction to first issue of the Osprey.
FFF Steelhead Committee; by Bob Arnold; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 1-2; General overview to the formation and the purpose of the Steelhead Committee
1986 Washington and Idaho Steelhead Report; by George Johnson, Bill McMillan, Stan Young, and Bob Arnold; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 2-3; Fishing reports on the Mid-Snake, Clearwater, Grande Ronde, Southwest Washington, Puget Sound, Wenatchee and Methow river systems.
1986 Oregon Steelhead Report; by Marty Sherman; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 3; Fishing reports on the Deschutes, North Umpqua, Willamette river system, and the Winter of 1985-86 Steelhead fishing season.
Deer Creek Negotiations at Critical Stage; by Alec Jackson; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 3-4; Overview of planning process for the future well being of Dear Creek and her fish.
Etiquette; by Editor; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 4; Discussion on Fly fishers' streamside manners.
Washington's 1987 Regulations; by Stan Young; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 4; Overview of recommendations for the 1987 regulations on the Columbia River, Grande Ronde, Methow, Wenatchee, Green, Skagit, Skykomish, Snoqualmie, NF Stillaguamish, Kalama, Klickitat, East Lewis, Washougal, Toutle, Quillayute, Bogachiel, Soleduck, Queets, Hoh, and Wynochee.
Volunteer Angler Creel Information Form; by Editor; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 4; New management tool by the game department.
IHN (Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis); by Editor; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 5; Review of 1986 outbreak and impact to Summer and Winter run Steelhead plants.
Oregon Steelhead Plan; by Editor; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 5; Discussion on adoption of an anadromous fish program by the Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission.
Tribal Matters; by Bob Arnold; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 5; Overview of Steelhead issues in Indian County.
Timber, Fish, and Wildlife Negotiations; by Bob Arnold; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 5-6; Discussion of planning process to develop changes in the current Washington State Forest Practices Rules and regulations.
Another threat to the Columbia River's Hanford Reach; by Editor; Issue 1 - January 1987; Page 6; Update on Seattle District Office of the US Army Corps of Engineers study to dredge and deepen the Columbia River between Tri-Cities and Wenatchee. Download Issue 1